At stake in this Referendum:
- Whether an international tribunal should decide a border dispute between Slovenia and Croatia.
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Danilo TURK
- Head of Government: Prime Minister Borut PAHOR
- Assembly: Slovenia has a bicameral Parliament consisting of the National Council (Drzavni Svet) with 40 seats* and the National Assembly (Drzavni Zbor) with 90 seats**.
Description of electoral system:
- The President is elected by majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 5-year term.
- The Prime Minister is elected by parliament.
- In the National Council (Drzavni Svet) 40 members are indirectly elected by an electoral college to serve 5-year terms*. In the National Assembly (Drzavni Zbor), 88 members are elected through an open-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms and 2 members are elected through a Borda Count system to serve 4-year terms.**
* This is a mainly advisory body based on corporatist principles with limited legislative powers. It may propose laws, ask to review any National Assembly decisions, and call national referenda. 4 members represent business ownership associations, 4 represent trade unions, 2 represent farmers, 1 represents crafts and trades, 1 represents "independent professions," and 6 represent "non-commercial" interests. These include 1 representative each from the following fields: university students, teaching, professional research, culture/sport, health care, and social work. Finally, electoral colleges in each of 22 local constituencies elect members representing their respective constituencies. These electoral colleges include 1 member per municipality and 1 more member per additional 5,000 residents. Choice of electoral rules is reserved to the electoral colleges.
** In the PR tier, there are 8 multi-member constituencies of 11 seats each. Voters have the option to cast preference votes. There is a nationwide threshold of 4 percent. In addition, the two constituencies in which the Borda system is used are nationwide and reserved to Hungarian and Italian minorities, respectively.
Main provisions in the Referendum:
- Arbitration Agreement Between the Government of the Republic of Slovenia and the Government of the Republic of Croatia* The governments have disputed various territorial and maritime claims for more than a decade. This piece of legislation would provide for the governments to jointly appoint a three-member Arbitral Tribunal. Candidates would be selected by the President and enlargement officer of the European Commission. In the event that the countries cannot agree on a Tribunal President, the President of the International Court of Justice will select one.
* See the "Of Interest" section for a link to the full text.
- A majority of voters must approve the measure for it to pass.
Population and number of registered voters:
- Population: 2,048,583 (2010)
- Registered Voters: 1,705,105 (June 2010)
· Female Population: 1,033,631 (2010)
· Is Slovenia a signatory to CEDAW: No
· Has Slovenia ratified CEDAW: Yes, succession (6 July 1992)
· Gender Quota: Yes
· Female candidates in this election: N/A
· Number of Female Parliamentarians: 12 (following the 2008 elections)
· Human Development Index Position: 25
· Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Very Low
· Is Slovenia a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)
· Has Slovenia ratified CRPD: Yes (24 April 2008)
· Population with a disability: 307,287 (est.)