ElectionGudie
Colombia

Republic of Colombia

46,245,297 18

Population (as of May 19, 2015)

Elections in our database

44.21%

Registered Voters (as of )

Average Turnout

Name Official Name Type
Senate Senado Upper House
President President Head of Government
President President Head of State
House of Representatives Camara de Representantes Lower House

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Juan Manuel SANTOS Calderon
  • Head of Government: President Juan Manuel SANTOS Calderon
  • Assembly: Colombia has a bicameral Congress (Congreso) consisting of the Senate (Senado) with 102 seats and the House of Representatives (Camara de Representantes) with 166 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 4-year term.
  • In the Senate (Senado) 102 members are elected through a party-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms*. In the House of Representatives (Camara de Representantes) 166 members are elected through a party-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.**

* Parties are allowed to choose between closed and open lists. Most lists are open. There is 1 multi-member national constituency with 100 seats and 1 multi-member special national constituency for indigenous (Indian) communities with 2 seats.

** Parties are allowed to choose between closed and open lists. Most lists are open. There are 33 multi-member constituencies (departments), with each department containing at least 2 representatives. There is an additional representative for every 250,000 inhabitants or for each fraction of more than 125,000 inhabitants that the department has above the first 250,000.

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Elections

Election For Date Votes Registered Voters Turn Out
President 1998-05-31 10,751,465 20,856,150 51.55%
President 1998-06-21 12,310,107 20,857,801 59.02%
House of Representatives 2002-03-10 10,188,929 24,000,636 42.45%
Senate 2002-03-10 10,188,929 24,000,636 42.45%
President 2002-05-26 11,244,288 24,208,150 46.45%
Referendum 2003-10-25 6,673,050 25,069,773 26.62%
Senate 2006-03-12 10,780,668 26,595,171 40.54%
House of Representatives 2006-03-12 10,767,726 26,595,171 40.49%
President 2006-05-28 12,041,737 26,731,700 45.05%
House of Representatives 2010-03-14 13,061,735 29,853,299 43.75%
Senate 2010-03-14 13,203,762 29,853,299 44.23%
President 2010-05-30 14,781,020 29,983,279 49.3%
President 2010-06-20 13,337,658 29,983,279 44.48%
House of Representatives 2014-03-09 14,309,641 32,835,856 43.58%
Senate 2014-03-09 14,310,367 32,835,856 43.58%
President 2014-05-25 13,216,402 32,975,158 40.08%
President 2014-06-15 15,794,940 32,975,158 47.9%
Referendum 2016-10-02 - - -

Voter Turnout