ElectionGudie
Iceland

Republic of Iceland

315,281 10

Population (as of July 1, 2013)

Elections in our database

235,495 73.21%

Registered Voters (as of Jan. 1, 2012)

Average Turnout

Name Official Name Type
Prime Minister Prime Minister Head of Government
Parliament Althing Assembly
President President Head of State

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Olafur Ragnar GRIMSSON
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Sigmundur Davíð GUNNLAUGSSON
  • Assembly: Iceland has a unicameral Parliament (Althing) with 63 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by plurality vote to serve a 4-year term.
  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the president with the approval of the parliament.
  • In the Parliament (Althing), 54 members are elected through an open-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms and 9 members are elected by open list proportional representation in multi-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms.***

*** There are six multi-member districts. Each of nine compensatory seats is assigned by the election commission to corresponds to a multi-member district. These seats are awarded to parties from the same open lists in order to make the parties' overall seat shares proportional to their national vote shares. Parties must clear a 5 percent threshold to win these compensatory seats.

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Elections

Election For Date Votes Registered Voters Turn Out
Parliament 1999-05-18 169,424 201,525 84.07%
Parliament 2003-05-10 185,311 211,289 87.7%
President 2004-06-26 134,374 213,553 62.92%
Parliament 2007-05-12 - 221,368 -
Parliament 2009-04-25 193,934 227,889 85.1%
Referendum 2010-03-06 144,231 227,896 63.29%
Referendum 2011-04-09 175,114 232,422 75.34%
President 2012-06-30 163,251 235,743 69.25%
Referendum 2012-10-20 115,980 236,903 48.96%
Parliament 2013-04-27 193,792 235,495 82.29%

Voter Turnout