ElectionGudie

April 19, 2009 Held

4,223,219
Registered to Vote
Haiti

Republic of Haiti

Election for Sénat (Haitian Senate)

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • 12 seats in the Senate (Sénat)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President René PREVAL
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Michèle PIERRE-LOUIS
  • Assembly: Haiti has a bicameral National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) consisting of the Senate (Sénat) with 30 seats and the Chamber of Deputies (Chambre des Députés) with 99 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 5-year term.
  • The Prime Minister is nominated by the President.
  • In the Senate (Sénat) 30 members are elected by majority vote in single-member constituencies to serve 6-year terms*. In the Chamber of Deputies (Chambre des Députés) 99 members are elected by majority vote in single-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms. One-third of the Senate is elected every two years. The electoral system is two-round.

Main parties in the electoral race:

  • Party: Hope Grouping / Groupement Politique Lespwa/L'Espoir (LESPWA)
    • Leader: René PREVAL
    • Seats won in last Senate election: 0
  • Party: Union for the Salvation of Haiti (UNION) / Union Pour le Sauvetage d'Haiti
    • Seats won in last Senate election: 0
  • Party: Party of National Unity (PUN) / Partie de l'Unité Nationale
    • Seats won in last Senate election: 0
  • Party: Haiti in Action (LA.A.A.) / L'Ayiti An Aksyon
    • Seats won in last Senate election: 0
  • Alliance: Struggling People's Organization / Organisation du Peuple en Lutte
    • Seats won in last Senate election: 0
  • Party: Regrouping of Social Democratic Fusion (FUSION) / Regroupement de la Fusion des Sociaux Démocrates
    • Seats won in last Senate election: 0
  • Party: Independent Movement for National Reconciliation / Parti Mouvement Indépendant pour la Réconciliation Nationale
    • Seats won in last Senate election: 0
  • Party: Union of Haitian Citizens for Democracy, Development and Education (UCADDE) / Union des Citoyens Ayisyen pour la Démocratie, le Développement et l'Education
    • Seats won in last Senate election: 0
  • Alliance: Regrouping of Citizens for Hope (RESPE) / Regwoupman Sitwayen pou Espwa
    • Seats won in last Senate election: 0
  • Party: Working Together for Haiti (KONBA) / Konbit Pou Ayiti
    • Seats won in last Senate election: 0
  • Party: Democratic Movement for the Liberation of Haiti (MODELH-PRDH) / Mouvement Démocratique de Libération d'Haiti
    • Seats won in last Senate election: 0
  • Alliance: Assembly of Progressive National Democats / Rassemblement des Démocrates Nationaux Progressistes
    • Seats won in last Senate election: 0
  • Party: For Everybody (PONT) / Pou Nou Tout
    • Seats won in last Senate election: 0
  • Party: Party for Social Renovation (PSR) / Parti Social Rénové
  • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in last Senate election: 0
  • Party: Movement for the Instauration of Democracy in Haiti (MIDH) / Mouvement pour l'Instauration de la Démocratie en Haiti
    • Seats won in last Senate election: 0
  • Alliance: Party of Popular Understanding (PEP) / Parti d'Entente Populaire
    • Seats won in last Senate election: 0

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 9,852,953 (2009)
  • Registered Voters: 4,223,219

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 4,982,795 (2009)

·         Is Haiti a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)

·         Has Haiti ratified CEDAW: Yes (20 July 1981)

·         Gender Quota: Yes

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 4 (Chamber of Deputies); 4 (Senate) following 2006 elections 

·         Human Development Index Position: 163 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Medium (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Haiti a signatory to CRPD: No

·         Has Haiti ratified CRPD: Yes, accession (23 July 2009)

·         Population with a disability: 1,411,421 (est.)