ElectionGudie
Ecuador

Republic of Ecuador

15,439,429 17

Population (as of July 1, 2013)

Elections in our database

11,675,441 70.43%

Registered Voters (as of Feb. 1, 2013)

Average Turnout

Name Official Name Type
National Congress Congreso Nacional Assembly
President President Head of Government
President President Head of State

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Rafael CORREA Delgado
  • Head of Government: President Rafael CORREA Delgado
  • Assembly: Ecuador has a unicameral National Congress (Congreso Nacional) with 124 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 4-year term.*
  • In the National Congress (Congreso Nacional), 15 members are elected through an open-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms, 116 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms and 6 members are elected by majority vote in multi-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms.***

* The President is elected by majority vote to serve a 4-year term. Presidential elections take place under a two-round majority run-off system. In order to win in the first round, a candidate must garner at least 40% of the vote and have a 10 point advantage over the closest rival.

*** The six seats are reserved to representatives for Ecuadorians living abroad and are elected in three multi-member constituencies. The multi-member districts were redrawn in 2012 to allow more proportional representation across the country.

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Elections

Election For Date Votes Registered Voters Turn Out
National Congress 1998-05-31 4,537,822 7,072,496 64.16%
President 1998-05-31 4,537,822 7,072,496 64.16%
President 1998-07-12 4,960,075 7,072,496 70.13%
National Congress 2002-10-20 - 8,154,125 -
President 2002-10-20 5,128,158 8,154,125 62.89%
President 2002-11-24 5,807,109 8,154,125 71.22%
National Congress 2006-10-15 5,354,906 9,020,773 59.36%
President 2006-10-15 6,617,167 9,165,125 72.2%
President 2006-11-26 6,966,145 9,165,125 76.01%
Referendum 2007-04-15 6,578,224 9,165,125 71.77%
National Congress 2007-09-30 5,134,289 9,188,787 55.88%
Referendum 2008-09-28 7,386,592 9,754,883 75.72%
National Congress 2009-04-26 7,975,133 10,532,234 75.72%
President 2009-04-26 7,928,748 10,523,234 75.35%
Referendum 2011-05-07 - 10,529,765 -
National Congress 2013-02-17 9,436,383 11,675,441 80.82%
President 2013-02-17 9,467,062 11,675,441 81.09%

Voter Turnout