ElectionGudie

April 23, 2015 Tentative

Sri Lanka

Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka

Election for Sri Lankan Parliament

More Info:

At stake in this election:      

  • 225 seats in the Parliament

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Maithripala SIRISENA*
  • Head of Government: President Maithripala SIRISENA
  • Assembly: Sri Lanka has a unicameral Parliament with 225 seats. 

* Under the contingent vote system, voters may rank up to three candidates. If no candidate wins a majority in the first round of counting, ballots whose first rankings are eliminated candidates are redistributed to the next-ranked candidates on those ballots. The winner is the candidate with the most votes after this second round of counting.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected through a contingent vote system to serve a 6-year term.
  • In the Parliament 225 members are elected by open list proportional representation in multi-member constituencies to serve 6-year terms.***

*** Parties must clear a threshold of one-eighth of votes to win seats in the respective constituency. Each voter may cast three preference votes. There are 22 multi-member constituencies containing 196 seats and one nationwide constituency with 29 seats.

Election Note:

  • The election was originally scheduled for 2 years from now but was rescheduled by President Maithripala Sirisena following his victory in the January 2015 presidential race.[1] 

Main parties in the electoral race[2]:

  • Party: United People's Freedom Alliance
    • Leader: Maithripala SIRISENA
    • Seats won in last election: 144
  • Party: United National Party
    • Leader: Ranil WICKRAMASINGHE
    • Seats won in last election: 60
  • Party: Tamil National Alliance (Ilankai Tamil Arasu Kadchi)
    • Leader: Mavai SENATHIRAJAH
    • Seats won in last election: 14
  • Party: Democratic National Alliance (Janathā Vimukthi Peramuṇa)
    • Leader: Sarath FONSEKA
    • Seats won in last election: 7

Last election:

  • The last election for the Parliament was held on 8 April 2010.  There were 14,088,500 registered voters for the election.  The United People's Freedom Alliance won 144 seats (of 225) or 60.66% of the vote, the United National Party won 60 seats, the Tamil National Alliance won 14 seats, and the Democratic National Alliance won 7 seats.  Results can be found here

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 21,866,445 (July 2014 est.)
  • Registered Voters:15,044,499[3]

Gender Data:

  • Female Population: 11,172,825
  • Is Sri Lanka a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)
  • Has Sri Lanka ratified CEDAW: Yes (5 October 1981)
  • Gender Quota:  No
  • Female Candidates in this election: Yes
  • Number of Female Legislators: 13 (6%) of 225 seats in Parliament 
  • Human Development Index (HDI) Position: 73 (2014)
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Medium (2014)

Disability Data:

  • Is Sri Lanka a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)
  • Has Sri Lanka ratified CRPD: No