ElectionGudie

Oct. 3, 1999 Held

371,669,104
Voted
India

Republic of India

Election for Lok Sabha (Indian People's Assembly)

Results

59%
Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:371,669,104
Valid Votes:364,570,224
Invalid Votes:7,098,880

Parties:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Indian National Congress 113 - 103,120,330

28.30%

Bharatiya Janata Party 182 - 86,562,209

23.70%

Communist Party of India (Marxist) 32 - 19,695,767

5.40%

Bahujan Samaj Party 14 - 15,175,845

4.20%

Samajwadi Party 26 - 13,717,021

3.80%

Telegu Desam Party 29 - 13,297,370

3.60%

Janata Dal - United 20 - 11,282,084

3.10%

Rashtriya Janata Dal 7 - 10,150,492

2.80%

All India Trinamool Congress (AITC) 8 - 9,363,785

2.60%

Others 12 - 9,196,251

2.50%

National Congress Party 8 - 8,260,311

2.30%

All-India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 10 - 7,046,953

1.90%

Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 12 - 6,298,832

1.70%

Shiv Sena 15 - 5,672,412

1.60%

Communist Party of India 4 - 5,395,119

1.50%

Biju Janata Dal 10 - 4,378,536

1.20%

Janata Dal - Secular 1 - 3,332,702

0.90%

Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD) 2 - 2,502,949

0.70%

Pattali Makkal Katchi 5 - 2,377,741

0.60%

Indian National Lok Dal (INLD) 5 - 2,002,700

0.50%

Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 4 - 1,620,527

0.40%

Revolutionary Socialist Party (RSP) 3 - 1,500,817

0.40%

Rashtriya Lok Dal 2 - 1,360,030

0.40%

All India Forward Bloc 2 - 1,288,060

0.30%

Communist Party of India Marxist-Leninist 1 - 1,220,698

0.30%

Akhil Bharatiya Lok Tantrik Congress 2 - 818,713

0.20%

Muslim League of Kerala 2 - 810,135

0.20%

Bharipa Balmjan Mahasangha 1 - 692,559

0.20%

Jammu and Kashmir National Conference 4 - 454,481

0.10%

All India Council of the Union of Muslims (AIMIM) 1 - 448,165

0.10%

MGR Anna DM Kazhagam 1 - 396,216

0.10%

Kerala Congress (KEC(M)) 1 - 365,313

0.10%

Kerala Congress (M) 1 - 357,402

0.10%

Simranjit Singh Mann 1 - 298,846

0.10%

Samajwadi Janata Party 1 - 297,337

0.10%

Peasants and Workers Party of India 1 - 282,583

0.10%

Himachal Vikas Congress 1 - 264,002

0.10%

Manipur State Congress Party 1 - 222,417

0.10%

Sikkim Democratic Front (SDF) 1 - 107,828

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • 543 seats in the People's Assembly (Lok Sabha)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Kicheril Raman NARAYANAN *
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Atal Behari VAJPAYEE
  • Assembly: India has a bicameral Parliament (Sansad) consisting of the Council of States (Rajya Sabha) with 250 seats and the People's Assembly (Lok Sabha) with 545 seats.

* The electoral college consists of elected members of both houses of Parliament and the legislatures of the states.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by an electoral college to serve a 5-year term.
  • In the Council of States (Rajya Sabha) 250 members are to serve 6-year terms*. In the People's Assembly (Lok Sabha), 543 members are elected by popular vote to serve 5-year terms and 2 members are appointed by the president.

* Up to 12 seats are appointed by the president and the remaining members are chosen by elected members of the state and territorial assemblies

Main parties in the electoral race:

  • Party: National Democratic Alliance (NDA)*
    • Leader: Atal Bijari VAJPAYEE, George FERNANDES, Ramakrishna HEDGE
    • Seats won in this People's Assembly election: 182
    • Seats won in last People's Assembly election: 194
  • Party: Indian National Congress (INC)
    • Leader: Sonia GANDHI
    • Seats won in this People's Assembly election: 112
    • Seats won in last People's Assembly election: 141
  • Party: Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPM)
    • Leader: Harkishan Singh SURJEET
    • Seats won in this People's Assembly election: 32
    • Seats won in last People's Assembly election: 32
  • Party: Telegu Desam Party (TDP)
    • Leader: N. Chandrababu NAIDU
    • Seats won in this People's Assembly election: 29
    • Seats won in last People's Assembly election: 11
  • Party: Samajwadi Party (SP)
    • Leader: Mulayam Singh YADAV
    • Seats won in this People's Assembly election: 26
    • Seats won in last People's Assembly election: 20
  • Party: Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD)
    • Leader: Laloo Prasad YADAV
    • Seats won in this People's Assembly election: 20
    • Seats won in last People's Assembly election: 17
  • Party: Shiv Sena
    • Leader: Bal THACKERAY
    • Seats won in this People's Assembly election: 15
    • Seats won in last People's Assembly election: 6
  • Party: Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK)
    • Leader: K. KARUNANIDHI
    • Seats won in this People's Assembly election: 12
    • Seats won in last People's Assembly election: 6
  • Party: All-India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK)
    • Leader: JAYALALITHA
    • Seats won in this People's Assembly election: 10
    • Seats won in last People's Assembly election: 18

* The NDA is composed of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), the Samata Party, and the Lok Shakti Party

Last Parliamentary election:

  • The last elections to the Lok Sabha last were held on February 16 to March 7, 1998.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 1,034,976,626 (1999)
  • Registered Voters: 605,880,192 (1998)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 498,925,038 (1999)

·         Is India a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (30 July 1980)

·         Has India ratified CEDAW: Yes (9 July 1993)

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 49 (following the 1999 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 130 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: High (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is India a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)

·         Has India ratified CRPD: Yes (1 October 2007)

·         Population with a disability: 155,246,493 (est.)