ElectionGudie

May 13, 2013 Held

31,733,698
Voted
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Republic of the Philippines

Election for Kapulungan Ng Mga Kinatawan (House of Representatives)

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • 12 seats in the Senate (Senado)
  • 291 seats in the House of Representatives (Kapulungan Ng Mga Kinatawan)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Benigno Simeon AQUINO *
  • Head of Government: President Benigno Simeon AQUINO
  • Assembly: Philippines has a bicameral Congress (Kongreso) consisting of the Senate (Senado) with 24 seats and the House of Representatives (Kapulungan Ng Mga Kinatawan) with 291 seats.

* The president is both chief of state and head of government.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by plurality vote to serve a 6-year term.
  • In the Senate (Senado) 24 members are elected by plurality vote in multi-member constituencies to serve 6-year terms*. In the House of Representatives (Kapulungan Ng Mga Kinatawan), 233 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 3-year terms and 58 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 3-year terms.**

* One-half of members are elected every three years. There is one national constituency. Senators are elected at-large from the country. Electors may vote up to 12 times.

** Under constitutional provisions, the PR tier must comprise 20 percent of total seats. While the constitution provides for a 250-member House, it also permits the legislature to change that size. Numbers above reflect the current apportionment. In the PR tier, members generally represent special "sectoral" minorities, though this constitutional provision was set to expire after three terms from 1987. (The 1987 constitution reserved half of these seats to said groups.) Under a 2009 court ruling related to the 2007 legislative elections, a party represented in one tier may not hold seats in the other, effectively reserving all PR seats to minor parties. The threshold in the PR tier is 2 percent, but no party may hold more than three seats in it. Prior to the 2009 ruling, elections would not necessarily fill all PR seats.

Main parties in the electoral race:

  • Party: Nacionalista Party (NP) / Partido Nacionalista *
    Leader: Manuel VILLAR Jr.
    Seats won in this Senate election: 3
    Seats won in last Senate election: 2
    Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 17
    Seats won in last House of Representatives election: 19
  • Party: Liberal Party (LP) / Partido Liberal ng Pilipinas**
    Leader: Manuel ROXAS II
    Seats won in this Senate election: 1
    Seats won in last Senate election: 4
    Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 110
    Seats won in last House of Representatives election: 89
  • Alliance: United Nationalist Alliance (UNA)/ Nagkakaisang Alyansang Makabansa ****
    Leader: Jejomar BINAY
    Seats won in this Senate election: 3
    Seats won in last Senate election: N/A
    Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 8
    Seats won in last House of Representatives election: N/A
  • Coalition: Nationalist People’s Coalition (NPC)
    Leader: Isabela JUN DY
    Seats won in this Senate election: 1
    Seats won in last Senate election: 2
    Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 0
    Seats won in last House of Representatives election: 49
  • Party: Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (LDP) / Struggle of Democratic Filipinos *
    Leader: Edgardo ANGARA
    Seats won in this Senate election: 1
    Seats won in last Senate election: N/A
    Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 2
    Seats won in last House of Representatives election: 1
  • Party: Philippine Democratic Party-People's Power (PDB LABAN)/ Partido Demokratiko Pilipino-Lakas ng Bayan
    Leader: Aquilino Pimentel III
    Seats won in this Senate election: 1
    Seats won in last Senate election: N/A
    Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 0
    Seats won in last House of Representatives election: N/A
  • Party: Independents
    Leader: N/A
    Seats won in this Senate election: 2
    Seats won in last Senate election: 0
    Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 6
    Seats won in last House of Representatives election: 0
  • Party: Other Parties
    Leader: N/A
    Seats won in this Senate election: 0
    Seats won in last Senate election: 0
    Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 149
    Seats won in last House of Representatives election: 0

** *In the Senate race, a coalition of twelve members of LP, NP, AKBAYAN, NPC and LDP are running together in a bloc known as Team PNoy
*** ** Electoral alliance of centrists, PDP-Laban and Party of the Philippine Masses (PMP), formed in 2012

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 105,720,644 (January 2013 est.)
  • Registered Voters: 52,014,648 (May 2013 )