ElectionGudie

March 21, 2004 Confirmed

Malaysia

Malaysia

Election for Dewan Negara (Malaysian Senate)

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • 219 seats in the House of Representatives (Dewan Rakyat)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: Paramount Ruler Tuanku SYED SIRAJUDDIN ibni Almarhum Tuanku Syed Putra Jamalullail *
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister ABDULLAH bin Ahmad Badawi
  • Assembly: Malaysia has a bicameral Parliament (Parlimen) consisting of the Senate (Dewan Negara) with 69 seats and the House of Representatives (Dewan Rakyat) with 219 seats.

* The paramount ruler is elected from nine of the sultans ruling the penisular Malaysian islands to serve a five-year term.

Description of electoral system:

  • The Paramount Ruler is elected N/A to serve a 5-year term.
  • The Prime Minister is designated by parliament.
  • In the Senate (Dewan Negara), 43 members are appointed by the paramount ruler to serve 3-year terms and 26 members are appointed by the state legislatures to serve 5-year terms. In the House of Representatives (Dewan Rakyat) 219 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms.

Main parties in the electoral race:

  • Party: National Front / Barisan Nasional (BN)*
    Leader: ABDULLAH bin Ahmad Badawi
    Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 199
    Seats won in last House of Representatives election: 148
  • Bloc: Alternative Front / Barisan Alternatif (BA)**
    Leader: Abdul HADI Awang (PAS), WAN AZIZAH Wan Ismail (Keadilan), SYED Husin Ali (PRM)
    Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 7
    Seats won in last House of Representatives election: 27
  • Party: Democratic Action Party (DAP)***
    Leader: LIM Kit Siang
    Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 12
    Seats won in last House of Representatives election: 10
  • Party: National Justice Party / Keadilan
    Leader: N/A
    Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 1
    Seats won in last House of Representatives election: N/A
  • Party: Others
    Leader: N/A
    Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 0
    Seats won in last House of Representatives election: N/A

* The National Front consists of the United Malays National Organization (UMNO), Malaysian Chinese Organization (MCA), Sarawak Indigenous People