At stake in this election:
- The office of President of Czech Republic
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Václav KLAUS
- Head of Government: Prime Minister Petr NEČAS
- Assembly: Czech Republic has a bicameral Parliament (Parlament) consisting of the Senate (Senát) with 81 seats and the Chamber of Deputies (Poslanecká Sněmovna) with 200 seats.
Description of electoral system:
- The President is elected by majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 5-year term.
- Prime Minister is appointed by the President to serve a 5-year term.
- In the Senate (Senát) 81 members are elected by absolute majority vote in single-member constituencies to serve 6-year terms*. In the Chamber of Deputies (Poslanecká Sněmovna) 200 members are elected through a flexible-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.**
* A second round is held six days later if no candidate receives an absolute majority in the first. One third of the Senate is renewed every two years.
** Electors may cast two preference votes for candidates on their chosen party list. There are 14 multi-member constituencies. Votes are tabulated using the D’Hondt method. A threshold of 5% is required in order for a party to enter the Chamber of Deputies. The threshold is 10% in case of a coalition of two parties, 15% for a coalition of three parties, 20% for a coalition of four or more parties.
Main Candidates in the Presidential race:
- Jiří DIENSTBIER
Party: Czech Social Democratic Party / Česká strana sociálně demokratická (ČSSD)
- Jan FISCHER
- Táňa FISCHEROVÁ
Party: Key Movement / Klíčové Hnutí (KH)
- Vladimír FRANZ
- Zuzana ROITHOVÁ
Party: Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People’s Party / Křesťanská a demokratická unie – Československá strana lidová (KDU-ČSL)
- Karel SCHWARZENBERG
Party: Tradition Responsibility Prosperity 09 / Tradice Odpovědnost Prosperita 09 (TOP 09)
- Přemysl SOBOTKA
Party: Civic Democratic Party / Občanská demokratická strana (ODS)
- Miloš ZEMAN
Alliance: Party of Civic Rights – Zemanovci / Strana Práv Občanů – Zemanovci (SPOZ)
- Jana BOBOSIKOVA
Alliance: Sovereignty - Jana Bobošíková Bloc / Suvernita - blok Jany Bobošíkové
Last Presidential election:
- Previously the President of the Czech Republic had been indirectly elected by the Parliament. This election will be the first time that Czech citizens directly elect their President.
Population and number of registered voters:
- Population: 10,177,300 (July 2012 est.)
- Registered Voters: 8,435,522 (January 2013 )