ElectionGudie

Oct. 9, 2004 Held

8,128,940
Voted
flags/afghan.gif

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

Election for President (President)

Results

83%
Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:8,128,940
Valid Votes:8,024,536
Invalid Votes:104,404

Candidates:

Hamid KARZAI4,443,029

55.37

Mohammad Yunos QANUNI1,306,503

16.28

Hahi Mohammad MOHAQIQ935,325

11.66

Abdul Rashid DOSTUM804,861

10.03

Abdul Latif PIDRAM110,160

1.37

Masooda JALAL91,415

1.14

Sayed Ashaq GILANI80,081

1.00

Ahmad Shah AHMADZAI60,199

0

Abdul Satar SIRAT30,201

0

Homayoon Shah AASIFI26,224

0

Ghulam Farooq NEJRABI24,232

0

Sayed Abdul Hadi DABIR24,057

0

Abdul Hafiz MANSOOR19,728

0

Abdul Hadi KHALILZAI18,082

0

Mir Mahfuz NEDAHI16,054

0

Mohammad Abrahim RASHID14,242

0

Wakil MANGAL11,770

0

Abdul Hasib AARIAN8,373

0

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • The office of President of Afghanistan

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Hamid KARZAI *
  • Head of Government: President Hamid KARZAI
  • Assembly: Afghanistan has a bicameral National Assembly (Jirga) consisting of the House of Elders (Meshrano Jirga) with 102 seats and the House of People (Wolesi Jirga) with 249 seats.

* The president is both chief of state and head of government.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 5-year term.
  • In the House of Elders (Meshrano Jirga), 34 members are elected by regional legislatures to serve 4-year terms, 34 members are elected by regional legislatures to serve 3-year terms and 34 members are appointed by the President to serve 5-year terms*. In the House of People (Wolesi Jirga) 249 members are elected by single non-transferable vote to serve 5-year terms.**

* The members of the House of Elders will be chosen by their provincial and district councils. The president will also be allowed to nominate candidates to the House of Elders. The nominees will include two representatives of the Kuchi community, two representatives for the disabled. It is also required that half the nominees are women.

** There are 34 multi-member districts corresponding to the 34 provinces. Seats are allocated in proportion to provincial population. District magnitudes range from 2 to 33. councils each elected two members. Afghanistan will not have a functioning assembly until January 2004. In the interim, the Emergency Loya Jirga (Grand Assembly) acts as the country's parliamentary body.

Main Candidates in the Presidential race:

  • Hamid KARZAI
    Party: Independent
  • Mohammad Yunos QANUNI
    Party: National Liberation Front
  • Hahi Mohammad MOHAQIQ***
    Party: Independent
  • Abdul Rashid DOSTUM****
    Party: Independent
  • Abdul Latif PIDRAM
    Party: National Congress Party of Afghanistan
  • Masooda JALAL
    Party: Independent
  • Sayed Ashaq GILANI
    Party: National Solidarity Movement of Afghanistan
  • Ahmad Shah AHMADZAI
    Party: Independent (Islamic Call Organization of Afghanistan)
  • Abdul Satar SIRAT
    Party: Independent
  • Homayoon Shah AASIFI**********
    Party: Independent
  • Ghulam Farooq NEJRABI
    Party: Afghanistan Independence Party
  • Sayed Abdul Hadi DABIR
    Party: Independent
  • Abdul Hafiz MANSOOR*************
    Party: Independent
  • Abdul Hadi KHALILZAI
    Party: Independent
  • Mir Mahfuz NEDAHI
    Party: Independent
  • Mohammad Abrahim RASHID
    Party: Independent
  • Wakil MANGAL
    Party: Independent
  • Abdul Hasib AARIAN
    Party: Independent

*** Hahi Mohammad MOHAQIQ is running as independent in this election, but he is the party leader of the Islamic Unity Party of the People of Afghanistan.
**** Abdul Rashid DOSTUM is running as independent in this election, but he is the leader of the National Islamic Movement of Afghanistan.
********** Homayoon Shah AASIFI is running as independent in this election, though he is closely identified with the National Unity Movement.
************* Abdul Hafiz MANSOOR is running as independent in this election, but is a member of the Burhanuddin Rabbani's Islamic Society of Afghanistan.

Last Presidential election:

  • This was the first time Afghanistan held presidential elections since the establishment of the transitional government.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 28,513,677 (July 2004 est.)
  • Registered Voters: 9,716,413 (September 2004 official release)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 11,349,112 (2004)

·         Is Afghanistan a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (14 August 1980)

·         Has Afghanistan ratified CEDAW: Yes (5 March 2003)

·         Gender Quota: Yes

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: N/A

·         Human Development Index Position: 171

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: High

Disability Data:

·         Is Afghanistan a signatory to CRPD: No

·         Has Afghanistan ratified CRPD: Yes, accession (18 September 2012)

·         Population with a disability: 4,277,051 (est.)