NOTE: A second round of elections was held on 5 February 2012. Results can be found here.
At stake in this election:
- The office of President of Finland
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Tarja HALONEN
- Head of Government: Prime Minister Jyrki Tapani KATAINEN
- Assembly: Finland has a unicameral Parliament (Eduskunta) with 200 seats.
Description of electoral system:
- The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 6-year term.
- The Prime Minister is appointed by the president with the approval of the parliament to serve a 4-year term.
- In the Parliament (Eduskunta), 199 members are elected by open list proportional representation in multi-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms and 1 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms.***
*** There are 14 multi-member constituencies with anywhere from 6 to 33 seats. Seats are distributed among the individual parties, or alliances of several parties, in accordance with the d'Hondt method.
Main Candidates in the First Round of the Presidential race:
- Paavo Tapio LIPPONEN
Party: Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP) / Suomen Sosialidemokraattinen Puolue
- Sauli Väinämö NIINISTÖ
Party: National Coalition Party / Kansallinen Kokoomus
- Timo Juhani SOINI
Party: True Finns / Perussuomalaiset (PS)
- Paavo Matti VAYRYNEN
Party: Centre Party / Suomen Keskusta
- Pekka HAAVISTO
Party: The Greens of Finland / Vihreät - De Gröna
- Sari Miriam ESSAYAH
Party: Christian Democrats / Kristillisdemokraatit
- Eva Rita Katarina BIAUDET
Party: Swedish People's Party of Finland / Svenska folkpartiet i Finland (SFP)
Population and number of registered voters:
- Population: 5,259,250 (July 2011 est.)
- Registered Voters: 4,159,857 ( 2012 )