NOTE: A second round of elections was held on 5 February 2012. Results can be found here.
At stake in this election:
- The office of President of Finland
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Tarja HALONEN
- Head of Government: Prime Minister Jyrki Tapani KATAINEN
- Assembly: Finland has a unicameral Parliament (Eduskunta) with 200 seats.
Description of electoral system:
- The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 6-year term.
- The Prime Minister is appointed by the president with the approval of the parliament to serve a 4-year term.
- In the Parliament (Eduskunta), 199 members are elected by open list proportional representation in multi-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms and 1 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms.***
*** There are 14 multi-member constituencies with anywhere from 6 to 33 seats. Seats are distributed among the individual parties, or alliances of several parties, in accordance with the d'Hondt method.
Main Candidates in the First Round of the Presidential race:
- Paavo Tapio LIPPONEN
- Sauli Väinämö NIINISTÖ
- Timo Juhani SOINI
- Paavo Matti VAYRYNEN
- Pekka HAAVISTO
- Sari Miriam ESSAYAH
- Eva Rita Katarina BIAUDET
Population and number of registered voters:
- Population: 5,413,971 (2012)
- Registered Voters: 4,159,857 (2012)
· Female Population: 2,754,038 (2012)
· Is Finland a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)
· Has Finland ratified CEDAW: Yes (4 September 1986)
· Gender Quota: No
· Female candidates in this election: Yes
· Number of Female Parliamentarians: 85 (following the 2011 elections)
· Human Development Index Position: 24
· Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A
· Is Finland a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)
· Has Finland ratified CRPD: Yes (11 May 2016)
· Population with a disability: 812,095 (est.)