At stake in this election:
- The office of President of Ecuador
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Gustavo NOBOA Bejarano *
- Head of Government: President Gustavo NOBOA Bejarano
- Assembly: Ecuador has a unicameral National Congress (Congreso Nacional) with 100 seats.
* President NOBOA Bejarano replaced Jamil MAHAUD following a coup in January 2000.
Description of electoral system:
- The President is elected by absolute majority vote to serve a 4-year term.
- In the National Congress (Congreso Nacional) 100 members are appointed through a party-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.***
*** Each of the country's 22 provinces returns a minimum of two deputies plus one additional seat for every 200,000 inhabitants.
Main Candidates in the Second Round of the Presidential race:
- Lucio Edwin GUTIERREZ Borbua
- Party: Popular Socialist Party/Multinational Pachakutik United Movement
- Alvaro Fernando NOBOA Ponton
- Party: New Party for National Action
Last Presidential election:
- Last presidential election held: July 12, 1998 (second round). Jamil MAHUAD was elected with 51.3% of votes over Alvaro Fernando Noboa Pontón with 48.7 % of the votes. The First Round of this presidential election was held on October 20, 2002.
Population and number of registered voters:
- Population: 13,072,056 (2002)
- Registered Voters: 8,154,125 (2002)
· Female Population: 6,521,540 (2002)
· Is Ecuador a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)
· Has Ecuador ratified CEDAW: Yes (9 November 1981)
· Gender Quota: Yes
· Female candidates in this election: No
· Number of Female Parliamentarians: 16 (following the 2002 elections)
· Human Development Index Position: 88 (2014)
· Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low (2014)
· Is Ecuador a signatory to CRPD: Yes 30 March 2007
· Has Ecuador ratified CRPD: 3 April 2008
· Population with a disability: 1,960,808 (est.)