ElectionGudie

Feb. 19, 2017 Confirmed

Ecuador

Republic of Ecuador

Election for Congreso Nacional (National Congress)

More Info:

Republic of Ecuador: Legislative Election, 19 February 2017

At stake in this election:

  • 137 seats in the National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Rafael CORREA Delgado (since 15 January 2007)
  • Head of Government: President Rafael CORREA Delgado (since 15 January 2007)
  • Assembly: Ecuador has a unicameral National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional) composed of 137 seats with members serving 4-year terms.

Description of electoral system:

  • For the National Assembly, 116 members are directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote, 15 members are directly elected in a single nationwide constituency by proportional representation vote, and 6 are directly elected in multi-seat constituencies for Ecuadorians living abroad by simple majority vote.

Last Election:

  • Elections for the National Assembly were last held on 17 February 2013. In this election, the Movement for a Proud and Sovereign Fatherland (PAIS) won 100 seats, the Creating Opportunities Movement won 11, the Social Christian Party won 6– Madera de Guerrero won 6, the Patriotic Society Party (PSP) won 5, Pachakutik – Plurinational Union of the Left won 5, the Avanza Party won 5, with several smaller parties winning 1 seat each.

Main parties in the election:

  • Party: Movement for a Proud and Sovereign Fatherland (PAIS) / Alliaz PAIS
    • Leader: Rafael Vicente CORREA Delgado
    • Seats won in last election: 100
  • Party: Alliance Creating Opportunities (CREO) and Society United for More Action (SUMA) / Alianza CREO-SUMA
    • Leaders: Guillermo LASSO and Mauricio RODAS
    • Seats won in last election: 11 (CREO) ; 1 (SUMA)
  • Party: Social Christian Party (PSC) / Partido Social Cristiano
    • Leader: Pascual DEL CIOPPO
    • Seats won in last election: 6
  • Party: Patriotic Society Party (PSP) / Partido Sociedad Patriotica
    • Leader: Lucio GUTIERREZ Borbua
    • Seats won in last election: 5
  • Party: Avanza Party / Partido Politico Avanza
    • Leader: Ramiro GONZALEZ
    • Seats won in last election: 5
  • Party: Pachakutik Plurinational Unity Movement (MUPP) / Movimiento de Unidad Plurinacional Pachakutik
    • Leader: Rafael ANTUNI
    • Seats won in last election: 5

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 16,080,778 (July 2016 est.)
  • Registered Voters: 11,675,441 (2013)

Gender Data:

  • Female Population: 8,092,372 (July 2016 est.)
  • Is Ecuador a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)
  • Has Ecuador ratified CEDAW: Yes (9 November 1981)
  • Gender Quota: Yes[1]
  • Female candidates in this election:
  • Number of Female Parliamentarians: 53 (38.69%)
  • Human Development Index Position: 88
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low

Disability Data:

  • Is Ecuador a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)
  • Has Ecuador ratified CRPD: Yes (3 April 2008)
  • Population with a disability: 2,412,116 (est.)[2]

 


[1] Ecuador requires alternating gender of candidates on candidate lists.

[2] Calculated using WHO estimate of 15%