Republic of Indonesia

253,609,643 8

Population (as of May 20, 2015)

Elections in our database

193,944,150 75.26%

Registered Voters (as of July 24, 2014)

Average Turnout

Name Official Name Type
President President Head of State
Regional Representative Council Dewan Perwakilan Daerah Upper House
House of Representatives Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Lower House
President President Head of Government

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President JOKO Widodo *
  • Head of Government: President JOKO Widodo 
  • Assembly: Indonesia has a bicameral People's Consultative Assembly consisting of the Regional Representative Council (Dewan Perwakilan Daerah) with 132 seats and the House of Representatives (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat) with 560 seats.

* A candidate pair must be nominated by a party or coalition with at least 20 percent of seats in the DPR or that won at least 25 percent of votes in the last DPR election.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote to serve a 5-year term.
  • In the Regional Representative Council (Dewan Perwakilan Daerah) 132 members are elected by single non-transferable vote to serve 5-year terms*. In the House of Representatives (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat) 560 members are elected by open list proportional representation in multi-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms.**

* There are 4 seats allocated to each province, which is treated as a multi-member district. The DPD is advisory only.

** Parties must clear a threshold of 2.5 percent nationwide. Each party list must include at least 30 percent female candidates. Under a 2008 constitutional court ruling, voters may select a party, or they may select an individual. The ordering of party lists is fully determined by candidate preference votes.

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Election For Date Votes Registered Voters Turn Out
President 2004-07-05 121,293,846 155,048,803 78.23%
President 2004-09-20 116,662,700 155,048,803 75.24%
House of Representatives 2009-04-09 121,588,366 171,265,442 70.99%
Regional Representative Council 2009-04-09 - 171,265,442 -
President 2009-07-08 127,983,655 155,048,803 82.54%
Regional Representative Council 2014-04-09 139,573,927 185,822,507 75.11%
House of Representatives 2014-04-09 139,573,927 185,826,024 75.11%
President 2014-07-09 134,953,967 193,944,150 69.58%

Voter Turnout