ElectionGudie

July 9, 2014 Held

134,953,967
Voted
flags/indonesia.gif

Republic of Indonesia

Election for President (President)

Results

69%
Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:134,953,967
Valid Votes:133,574,277
Invalid Votes:1,379,690

Candidates:

Joko Widodo70,997,833

53.15

Prabowo Subianto62,576,444

46.85

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • The office of the President of Indonesia
  • The office of Vice President of Indonesia [1]

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Susilo Bambang YUDHOYONO
  • Head of Government: President Susilo Bambang YUDHOYONO
  • Assembly: Indonesia has a bicameral People's Consultative Assembly consisting   of the Regional Representative Council (Dewan Perwakilan Daerah, DPD) with 132 seats and the House of Representatives (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat, DPR) with 560 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote to serve a 5-year term for a maximum of 2 terms.
  • In the Regional Representative Council (Dewan Perwakilan Daerah) 128 members are elected by single non-transferable vote to serve 5-year terms*. In the House of Representatives (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat) 560 members are elected by open list proportional representation in multi-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms.**

* There are 4 seats allocated to each province, which is treated as a multi-member district. The DPD is advisory only.

** Parties must clear a threshold of 3.5 percent nationwide as per an amendment to the election law passed by the House of Representatives in 2012. Each party list must include at least 30 percent female candidates (Article 55 in Election Law No.8 / 2012), and 1 female candidate must appear in every 3 candidates listed. Under a 2008 constitutional court ruling, voters may select a party, or they may select an individual. The ordering of party lists is fully determined by candidate preference votes.

Election Note:

  • Only a political party or coalition of political parties that wins 25% of the national vote in legislative elections or wins at least 20% of DPR’s 560 seats can nominate candidates for President and Vice President. A few smaller parties recently introduced a parliamentary bill to lower this requirement to 3.5 % of the national vote.

Political entities in this electoral race:[2]

  • Candidate: Joko WIDODO – Jusuf KALLA [3]
    • Party: Indonesian Democratic Party - Struggle (PDI-P)[4]​​
  • Candidate: PRABOWO Subianto – Hatta RAJASA[5]
    • Party: Greater Indonesia Movement Party (Gerindra)[6]

Last election:

  • In the previous presidential election Susilo Bambang YUDHOYONO defeated Megawati SUKARNOPUTRI and Jusuf KALLA with 61 percent of valid votes. In the last legislative election, the Indonesian Democratic Party-Struggle (PDI-P) emerged with the most votes (19 %), followed by Golkar Party (15%) and the Great Indonesia Movement Party (Gerindra) (12%).

Population and Voter Registration:

  • Population: 251,857,940 (December 2012)
  • Eligible Voters: 185,822,507 (February 2014). This was the number of registered voters in the last legislative election, and this number is likely to increase for the Presidential election as voter lists will include newly eligible voters who turned 17 after April 9th, 2014.
 

[1] Candidates for Vice President and President are elected on the same ticket.

[2] Political entities include political parties, citizens’ initiative groups, coalitions and independent candidates. They are listed in order of the number they received in the May 23 draw for placement on the ballot.

[3] Joko WIDODO is currently the governor of Jakarta, and is running for President. Jusuf KALLA from the Party Golkar is running for the office of the Vice President

[4] PDI-P emerged from the Indonesian Democratic Party, the primary opposition party to the ruling Golkar party during President Suharto’s New Order regime. http://carnegieendowment.org/2013/10/24/political-parties/gr88#PDI-P

[5] PRABOWO Subianto is running for President, accompanied by Hatta RAJASA from the National Mandate Party who is running for the office of the Vice President.

[6] Gerindra was established in 2008, and created by PRABOWO after he failed to win the presidential nomination of his original party Golkar.  http://carnegieendowment.org/2013/10/24/political-parties/gr88#Gerindra