At stake in this election:
- 132 seats in the Regional Representative Council
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Susilo Bambang YUDHOYONO
- Head of Government: President Susilo Bambang YUDHOYONO
- Assembly: Indonesia has a bicameral People's Consultative Assembly consisting of the Regional Representative Council (Dewan Perwakilan Daerah) with 132 seats and the House of Representatives (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat) with 560 seats.
Description of electoral system:
- In the Regional Representative Council (Dewan Perwakilan Daerah) 132 members are elected by single non-transferable vote to serve 5-year terms. Four members are elected from each of Indonesia’s 33 provinces.
- In addition to 560 seats in the House of Representatives and 132 seats in the Regional Representative Council, 2,112 seats in Provincial Legislative Assemblies and 16,895 seats in District Legislative Assemblies will also be at stake on April 9. Indonesia’s newest province, North Kalimantan, will not hold provincial or district elections until 2019. Jakarta will also not hold district elections in its six districts.
- A constitutional court ruling on August 29, 2012 required all political parties, including those with seats in the House of Representatives, to submit to the full registration process. Parties must also now have a presence in all provinces, in addition to 75% of each province’s regencies and half of each regency’s districts, to run. Parties in the autonomous province of Aceh are still allowed to be provincial in nature. While 46 parties attempted to register, only 12 passed the verification process (down from 48 in 1999).
Main parties in the electoral race:
- The last election to the Regional Representative Council was held on April 9, 2009.
- Population: 254,454,778 (2014)
- Eligible Voters: 185,822,507 (February 2014)
· Female Population: 126,289,879 (2014)
· Is Indonesia a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (28 July 1980)
· Has Indonesia ratified CEDAW: Yes (13 September 1984)
· Gender Quota: Yes
· Female candidates in this election: Yes
· Number of Female Parliamentarians: 94 (following the 2014 elections)
· Human Development Index Position: 110 (2014)
· Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Medium (2014)
· Is Indonesia a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)
· Has Indonesia ratified CRPD: Yes (30 November 2011)
· Population with a disability: 38,168,216 (est.)