IFES
 

June 2, 2024 Confirmed

Mexico

United Mexican States

Election for Camara de Diputados (Mexican Chamber of Deputies)


General Information

At Stake in this Election:

  • All 500 seats in the Mexican Chamber of Deputies

Elections for the President, Senate, and many state and local offices will be held concurrently.

Government Structure:

  • Chief of State: President Andrés Manuel LÓPEZ OBRADOR (since 1 December 2018)
  • Head of Government: President Andrés Manuel LÓPEZ OBRADOR (since 1 December 2018)
  • Assembly: bicameral National Congress (Congreso de la Unión) with a 128-seat Senate (Cámara de Senadores) and a 500-seat Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados)

Electoral System:

  • The President is directly elected by plurality vote and serves a single 6-year term.
  • In the Senate, 96 members are elected by plurality vote from multi-seat constituencies, and an additional 32 members are elected by proportional representation vote from a nationwide constituency. All 128 members are directly elected and serve unlimited 6-year terms.
  • In the Chamber of Deputies, 300 members are elected by plurality vote in single-seat constituencies and an additional 200 members are elected by proportional representation vote in a nationwide constituency. All 500 members are directly elected and serve unlimited 3-year terms.

Last Election:

In the 2021 Chamber of Deputies election, the Juntos Haremos Historia coalition won the largest share of seats (121) followed by six other coalitions and parties. Voter turnout was 53.66%.

Information for Voters:

Get to Know the Candidates / Candidatas y Candidatos, Conóceles (in Spanish)

Find Your Polling Place / Ubica Tu Casilla (in Spanish)

New/Unique in this Election:

On 2 March 2023, Congress approved a set of reforms to laws on elections, political parties, judicial powers, and electoral crimes. These reforms would have cut the budget  and staff of the National Electoral Institute (INE) and relaxed restrictions on partisan speech and activities by public officials. However, the Supreme Court struck down part of these reforms on 8 May 2023 and struck the remainder on 22 June 2023 on the basis that Congress had violated the constitutional principle of democratic deliberation in their haste to pass the reforms. The Court also reinstated prior electoral laws.

Key Deadlines:

  • Candidate filing deadline:  22 February 2024
  • Voter registration deadline: N/A; Voter registration is passive.
    • Voters who turn 18 between 1 September 2023 and election day, as well as voters who would like to register a change of address had until 22 January 2022 to register.

Main Parties in this Election:

  • National Regeneration Movement / Movimiento Regeneración Nacional (Morena)
    • Leader: Mario Martín DELGADO Carrillo
    • Seats won in last election: 198 out of 500
    • Part of the Sigamos Haciendo Historia coalition
  • National Action Party / Partido Acción Nacional (PAN)
    • Leader: Marko Antonio CORTÉS Mendoza
    • Seats won in last election: 114 out of 500
    • Part of Fuerza y Corazón por México coalition
  • Institutional Revolutionary Party / Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI)
    • Leader: Rafael Aeljandro MORENO Cárdenas
    • Seats won in last election: 70 out of 500
    • Part of Fuerza y Corazón por México Coalition
  • Ecologist Green Party of Mexico / Partido Verde Ecologista de México (PVEM)
    • Leader: Pilar GUERRERO Rubio
    • Seats won in last election: 43 out of 500
    • Part of the Sigamos Haciendo Historia coalition
  • Labor Party / Partido del Trabajo (PT)
    • Leader: led by a commission rather than a single person
    • Seats won in last election: 37 out of 500
    • Part of the Sigamos Haciendo Historia coalition
  • Citizens’ Movement / Movimiento Ciudadano (MC)
    • Leader: Dante Alfonso DELGADO Rannauro
    • Seats won in last election: 23 out of 500
  • Party of the Democratic Revolution / Partido de la Revolución Democrática (PRD)
    • Leader: José de Jesús ZAMBRANO Grijalva
    • Seats won in last election: 15 out of 500
    • Part of Fuerza y Corazón por México coalition

Population and Registered Voters:

Gender Data:

Disability Data:

  • CRPD Status: Signed 30 March 2007, Ratified 17 December 2007
  • Projected population with a disability: 20,400,661 (2022 est.)

IFES Resources:

  • Does IFES have a presence in Mexico: No  
  • Election Access: Yes
  • Election Judgments: Yes, 19 judgments and 24 resources
Election Modified: May 23, 2024

Most Recent Elections in Mexico

With Participation Rates