Sept. 1, 2023 Held


Republic of Singapore

Election for Singaporean Presidency


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:2,534,711
Valid Votes:2,484,481
Invalid Votes:50,230

Vote Share by Candidate:

Tharman SHANMUGARATNAM1,749,261


NG Kok Song390,636


TAN Kin Lian344,584

Election Results Modified: Sep 27, 2023

General Information

At Stake in this Election: 

  • The Presidency of Singapore 

Government Structure:  

  • Chief of State: President HALIMAH Yacob (since 14 September 2017) 

  • Head of Government: Prime Minister LEE Hsien Loong (since 12 August 2004) 

  • Assembly: unicameral Parliament with up to 120 seats 

  • The current Parliament has 99 members 

Electoral System:  

  • The President is directly elected by simple majority vote and may serve an unlimited number of 6-year terms. If the presidency has not been held by a certain ethnic group (Chinese, Malay, Indian and others) for the last 5 terms, a reserved election is held in which only candidates from that group are eligible to run. 

  • The Prime Minister, typically the parliamentary majority leader, is appointed by the President. 

  • In Parliament, 88 members are directly elected by plurality vote. Additionally, up to 12 of the highest-polling opposition candidates may be named as non-constituency members (NCMPs), and up to 9 members may be nominated by a parliamentary committee and confirmed by the President. 

Last Election: 

In 2017, HALIMAH Yacob was elected unopposed in an election reserved for Malay candidates. No other candidate met eligibility requirements, so she was officially named as president on Nomination Day. Voting did not occur. 

New/Unique in this Election:  

After the reserved election of 2017, this election will be open to candidates of all ethnic groups. Incumbent HALIMAH Yacob will not seek reelection. 

Key Deadlines:  

  • The register of electors was closed for review on 1 June 2023, and voters could request reinstatement or changes to their registration from 15-28 June 2023. 

Main Candidates in this Election: 

In Singapore, presidential candidates must not be members of a political party. 

  • Ng Kok Song 

  • Shanmugaratnam Tharman 

  • Tan Kin Lian 

Population and Registered Voters: 

Gender Data: 

Disability Data: 

  • CRPD Status: Signed 12 November 2012, Ratified 18 July 2013 

IFES Resources: 

Election Modified: Sep 11, 2023

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