At Stake in this Election:
On 4 September 2022, Chilean citizens will vote on a new constitution drafted by the Constitutional Convention.* There is a large focus on social issues, such as gender parity and rights for Indigenous peoples. The new constitution would also eliminate the Senate and replace it with a Chamber of Regions (Cámara de las Regiones) with 3 representatives from the 16 regions.1 Voting is mandatory for all eligible citizens.
The question on the ballet is as follows:
“Do you approve the text of the New Constitution proposed by the Constitutional Convention?"
The voter may indicate their preference by responding “APPROVE” or “REJECT” to the question.
*The Convention was called by an 78% majority vote in an October 2020 referendum. This referendum followed mass protests in 2019 to replace the Pinochet-era constitution.2
Chief of State: President Gabriel BORIC
Head of Government: President Gabriel BORIC
Assembly: The National Congress of Chile (Congreso Nacional de Chile) is a bicameral legislature consisting of the 155-member Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputadas y Diputados), and the 50-member Senate (Senado).
The President is elected using a two-round system in which a candidate must win at least 50% of the vote to win. The President is elected to a four-year term.
The Chamber of Deputies consists of 155 directly elected seats using a party list proportional representation system and D’Hondt coefficient. Deputies run for office in one of 28 multi-member electoral districts ranging from three to eight seats each. Members are elected to four-year terms.
The Senate consists of 50 directly elected seats using a party list proportional representation system and D’Hondt coefficient. Senators run for office in one of sixteen multi-member electoral districts ranging from two to five seats each. Members are elected to eight-year terms, with approximately half of the body being chosen each election.
Population and Registered Voters:
Population: 19,250,192 (2022 est.)3
Registered Voters: 15,173,929 (2022)
Female Population: 9,247,974 (2022 est.)4
Is Chile a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 Jul 1980)5
Has Chile ratified CEDAW: Yes (07 Dec 1989)6
Gender Quota: Yes, each party list may not consist of more than 60% of one gender7
Number of Female Legislators: 55 out of 155 (35.5%) in the Chamber of Deputies; 12 out of 50 (24%)8
Human Development Index (HDI) Position: Rank 43 at 0.851 (2020)9
Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A
Is Chile a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 Mar 2007)10
Has Chile ratified CRPD: Yes (29 Jul 2008)11
Population with a disability: 2,626,239 (2022 est.)12
Does IFES have a presence in Chile: No
Election Judgements: Yes, 1