ElectionGudie

Nov. 21, 2021 Confirmed

Bulgaria

Republic of Bulgaria

Election for President

More Info:

At Stake in this Election:        

  • The Office of the President of Bulgaria 

Government Structure: 

  • Chief of State: President Rumen RADEV (since 22 January 2017) 
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Stefan YANEV* (since 12 May 2021) 
  • Assembly: The National Assembly of Bulgaria (Народно събрание, Narodno sabranieis a unicameral parliament consisting of 240 members. 

*Caretaker Prime Minister Stefan YANEV assumed his position following the resignation of former Prime Minister and GERB Leader Boyko BORISOV in April 2021. [1] 

Electoral System: [2]

  • The Bulgarian presidency is determined by a direct popular vote based on a majoritarian two-round system and serves a five-year term. 
  • The Prime Minister is elected by the National Assembly. 
  • The National Assembly is a unicameral parliamentary body comprised of 240 seats, which are renewed every four years. Representatives are elected from among 31 multi-member constituencies, with the number of seats per district determined according to population size. While 31 members are elected using a first-past-the-post system, the remaining 209 members are elected via a proportional representation system using closed party lists and the D’Hondt method. Competing parties must surpass a four percent threshold in order to attain parliamentary representation. 

Last Election: 

  • The first round of voting was held on 14 November 2021, while the last presidential electoral cycle occurred from 6 November - 13 November 2016. 

Main Candidates in this Election: [3]

  • Candidate: Rumen RADEV 
  • Candidate: Anastas GERDZHIKOV 
    • Party: Independent (with support from GERB-SDS) 

Population and Registered Voters: 

  • Population: 6,880104 (November 2021 est.) [4] 
  • Registered Voters: 6,789,605 [5]

Gender Data: 

  • Female Population: 3,556,343 [6]
  • Is Bulgaria a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980) [7]
  • Has Bulgaria ratified CEDAW: Yes (8 February 1982) [8]
  • Gender Quota: No legislated or voluntary party quotas [9] 
  • Female Leaders in this election: Yes (Maya MANOLOVA of Stand Up, BG! We Are Coming!) 
  • Human Development Index (HDI) Position: Rank 56 at 0.816 (20200 [10]
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low [11]