ElectionGudie

Aug. 5, 2020 Held

Sri Lanka

Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka

Election for Sri Lankan Parliament

More Info:

This election was originally scheduled for April 25, 2020, but was postponed in response to COVID-19. 

Sri Lanka Parliament: 5 August 2020

At stake in this election:      

  • 225 seats in the Parliament.

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Gotabaya RAJAPAKSA (since 18 November 2019)
  • Head of Government: President Gotabaya RAJAPAKSA (since 18 November 2019)
  • Deputy Head of Government: Prime Minister Mahinda RAJAPAKSA (since 21 November 2019)
  • Assembly: Sri Lanka has a unicameral Parliament with 225 seats. 

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected through a contingent vote system to serve a 5-year term*
  • In the Parliament 225 members are elected by open list proportional representation in multi-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms**

* Under the contingent vote system, voters may rank up to three candidates. If no candidate wins a majority in the first round of counting, ballots whose first rankings are eliminated candidates are redistributed to the next-ranked candidates on those ballots. The winner is the candidate with the most votes after this second round of counting.

** Parties must clear a threshold of one-eighth of votes to win seats in the respective constituency. Each voter may cast three preference votes. There are 22 multi-member constituencies containing 196 seats and one nationwide constituency with 29 seats.

Main parties in the electoral race:

  • Party: United National Party (UNP) / එක්සත් ජාතික පක්ෂය
    • Leader: Ranil WICKRAMASINGHE
    • Seats won in last election: 106
  • Party: United People's Freedom Alliance (UPFA) / එක්සත් ජනතා නිදහස් සන්ධානය
    • Leader: Mahinda RAJAPAKSA
    • Seats won in last election: 95
  • Party: Samagi Jana Balawegaya / සමගි ජනබලවේගය
    • Leader: Sajith PREMADASA
    • Seats won in last election: N/A
  • Party: Tamil National Alliance (TNA) /  தமிழ்த் தேசியக் கூட்டமைப்பு
    • Leader: Rajavarothiam SAMPANTHAN
    • Seats won in last election: 16
  • Party: People’s Liberation Front (Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna, JVP) / ජනතා විමුක්ති පෙරමුණ
    • Leader: Anura Kumara DISSANAYAKA
    • Seats won in last election: 6

Last election:

  • The last election for the Parliament was held on 17 August 2015. There were 15,044,490 registered voters, and voter turnout was 74%. The United National Party won 106 seats with 45.66% of the vote. The United People’s Freedom Alliance won 95 seats with 42.38% of the vote. The People’s Liberation Front won 6 seats with 4.87% of the vote. The Lanka Tamil State Party (Illankai Tamil Arasu Kachchi) won 16 seats with 4.62% of the vote.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 22,889,201 (July 2020 est.)[1]
  • Registered Voters: 15,992,096 (2019)[2]

Gender Data:

  • Female Population: 11,716,742 (2020 est.)[3]
  • Is Sri Lanka a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)
  • Has Sri Lanka ratified CEDAW: Yes (5 October 1981)[4]
  • Gender Quota:  No [5]
  • Female Candidates in this election: Yes
  • Number of Female Legislators: 12 of 225 (5.3%) seats in Parliament [6]
  • Human Development Index (HDI) Position: 71 [7]
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: High [8]

Disability Data:

  • Is Sri Lanka a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)
  • Has Sri Lanka ratified CRPD: No [9]
  • Population with a disability: 3,308,023 [10]