At stake in this election:
- Prohibit the sale of land to foreigners in Lithuania
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Dalia GRYBAUSKAITE
- Head of Government: Prime Minister Algirdas BUTKEVICIUS
- Assembly: Lithuania has a unicameral Parliament (Seimas) with 141 seats.
Main Provisions in the Referendum:
- To prohibit the sale of land in Lithuania to foreigners
- Result: Ballot measure failed.
- A motion to alter or supplement the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania may be submitted to the Seimas by a group of not less than 1/4 of all the Members of the Seimas, or not less than by 100,000 voters**
- Result: Ballot measure failed.
- Over 50 percent turnout is needed and more than half of the citizens, having the right to vote and having been registered on electoral rolls must approve proposed measure.
- A motion to alter or supplement the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania may be submitted to the Seimas by a group of not less than 1/4 of all the Members of the Seimas or not less than by 300,000 voters
- The referendum vote will take place on 29 June 2014. When Lithuania joined the European Union (EU) in 2004, the government promised to end the country’s ban on foreigners wanting to purchase land. The EU and Lithuania agreed to a transitional period that allowed the ban to remain in place until May 2011 and was extended to May 2014. But supporters of the ban want to keep it in place. They were able to collect 300,000 signatures needed to call a vote. The Lithuanian Nationalist Union and the Lithuanian Peasant and Green’s Union all supported the referendum effort. It should be noted that two-thirds of Lithuanians are opposed to selling land to foreigners. If the measure passes, the European Court of Justice could fine Lithuania and funding from the EU could be terminated.
Population and Voter Registration:
- Population: 2,944,459 (January 2014)
- Registered Voters: 2,554,532 (May 2014)
· Female Population: 1,582,061 (2014)
· Is Lithuania a signatory to CEDAW: N/A
· Has Lithuania ratified CEDAW: Yes, accession (18 January 1994)
· Gender Quota: No
· Female candidates in this election: N/A
· Number of Female Parliamentarians: 34 (following the 2012 elections)
· Human Development Index Position: 37 (2014)
· Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low (2014)
· Is Lithuania a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)
· Has Lithuania ratified CRPD: Yes (18 August 2010)
· Population with a disability: 448,165 (est.)
**Lithuania’s Constitutional Court ruled on Friday July 11, 2014 that this provision is unconstitutional, stating, “the provision of the Referendum Law, which obligates the parliament to call a referendum, even if the proposal is possibly inconsistent with the Constitution, run counter to the country’s main law.”
*As of June 2014, the Lithuanian Constitution stipulates that in order to "alter or supplement" the Constitution, "1/4 of the Seimas" and "not less than 300,000 voters" need to support a proposed measure. A proposed motion on the 29 June 2014 referendum, seeks to change part of the requirement from 300,000 voters to 100,000 voters. There has been no proposal to change the "1/4 of the Seimas support."
 President GRYBAUSKAITE won a second term on 25 May 2014. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-27571609