Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Parliament, 22 May 2016
At stake in this election:
- 500 seats in the Quoc-Hoi (National Assembly)
Note on the results: 496 of the 500 seats were filled. 4 seats were left vacant as some provinces had no candidates earning the requisite 50% of votes.
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Truong Tan SANG (since 25 July 2011)
- Head of Government: Prime Minister Nguyen Tan DUNG (since 27 June 2006)
- Assembly: Vietnam has a unicameral Quoc-Hoi (National Assembly) composed of 500 seats.
Description of electoral system:
- Members of the National Assembly are directly elected by absolute majority vote with a second round if needed, with members serving 5-year terms.
- Elections for the National Assembly were last held on 22 May 2011. The Communist Party took 454 seats, while non-party members took 42 seats and self-nominated candidates took 4.
Main candidates in the election:
- Communist Party of Vietnam
- Leader: Nguyen Phu TRONG
- Seats won in last election: 454
Population and number of registered voters:
· Population: 94,348,835 (July 2015 est.)
· Registered Voters: 62,270,778 (2011)
· Female Population: 47,139,187 (July 2015 est.)
· Is Vietnam a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (29 July 1980)
· Has Vietnam ratified CEDAW: Yes (17 February 1982)
· Gender Quota: No
· Female candidates in this election: Yes
· Number of Female Parliamentarians: 122 (24.40%)
· Human Development Index Position: 116 (2014)
· Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A
· Is Vietnam a signatory to CRPD: Yes (22 October 2007)
· Has Vietnam ratified CRPD: Yes (5 February 2015)
· Population with a disability: 14,152,325 (est.)
 The Communist Party is the only legal political party in Vietnam, but up to 10% of the National Assembly can be non-party members.