May 22, 2016 Held

Viet Nam

Socialist Republic of Vietnam

Election for Quoc-Hoi (Vietnamese National Assembly)


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:67,049,200
Valid Votes:67,049,200
Invalid Votes:None

Vote Share by Party:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Communist Party of Vietnam 475

Non-party members (Non-party members) 21

Election Results Modified: Jun 10, 2016

General Information

Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Parliament, 22 May 2016

At stake in this election:

  • 500 seats in the Quoc-Hoi (National Assembly)

Note on the results: 496 of the 500 seats were filled. 4 seats were left vacant as some provinces had no candidates earning the requisite 50% of votes.

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Truong Tan SANG (since 25 July 2011)
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Nguyen Tan DUNG (since 27 June 2006)
  • Assembly: Vietnam has a unicameral Quoc-Hoi (National Assembly) composed of 500 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • Members of the National Assembly are directly elected by absolute majority vote with a second round if needed, with members serving 5-year terms.

Last Election:

  • Elections for the National Assembly were last held on 22 May 2011. The Communist Party took 454 seats, while non-party members took 42 seats and self-nominated candidates took 4.

Main candidates in the election:

  • Communist Party of Vietnam[1]
    • Leader: Nguyen Phu TRONG
    • Seats won in last election: 454

Population and number of registered voters:

·         Population: 94,348,835 (July 2015 est.)

·         Registered Voters: 62,270,778 (2011)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 47,139,187 (July 2015 est.)

·         Is Vietnam a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (29 July 1980)

·         Has Vietnam ratified CEDAW: Yes (17 February 1982)

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 122 (24.40%)

·         Human Development Index Position: 116 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A

Disability Data:

·         Is Vietnam a signatory to CRPD: Yes (22 October 2007)

·         Has Vietnam ratified CRPD: Yes (5 February 2015)

·         Population with a disability: 14,152,325 (est.)


[1] The Communist Party is the only legal political party in Vietnam, but up to 10% of the National Assembly can be non-party members. 

Election Modified: May 10, 2024

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