IFES

Nov. 28, 2011 Held

Congo (Kinshasa), Democratic Republic of the

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Election for President

Results

Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:18,911,572
Valid Votes:18,143,104
Invalid Votes:768,468

Candidates:

Joseph KABILA Kabang8,880,944

48.95

Etienne TSHISEKEDI5,864,775

32.33

Vital KAMERHE1,403,372

7.74

Leon KENGO898,362

4.95

Antipas MBUSA311,787

1.72

Francois Joseph MOBUTU285,273

1.57

Jean ANDEKA128,820

0.7100218352934536

Adam BOMBOLE126,623

0.6979125512370982

Francios Nicephore KAKESE92,737

0.5111418641484942

Josue Alex MUKENDI78,151

0.43074768242523437

Oscar KASHALA72,260

0.3982780454766726

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • The office of President of Democratic Republic of the Congo

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Joseph KABILA
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Adolphe MUZITO
  • Assembly: Democratic Republic of the Congo has a bicameral Parliament (Parlement) consisting of the Senate (Sénat) with 112 seats and the National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) with 500 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by plurality vote to serve a 5-year term.
  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the President.
  • In the Senate (Sénat) 112 members are indirectly elected through an open-list proportional representation system to serve 5-year terms*. In the National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale), 60 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms and 440 members are elected by open list proportional representation in multi-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms.**

* Members are elected by regional legislatures. Each multi-member district corresponds to one of 26 provinces or Kinshasha. The magnitude of each district is 4, except Kinshasha, whose magnitude is 8. The electoral system is open-list PR. Former Presidents may be Senators ex officio.

** There are 109 multi-member districts in the list tier. Minimum magnitude is 2. Each voter gets two votes: one in either tier.

Main Candidates in the Presidential race:

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 68,087,376 (2011)
  • Registered Voters: 32,024,640 (2011)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 34,179,862 (2011)

·         Is Democratic Republic of the Congo a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)

·         Has Democratic Republic of the Congo ratified CEDAW: Yes (17 October 1986)

·         Gender Quota: Yes

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 42 (National Assembly) (following 2006 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 176 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Very High (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Democratic Republic of the Congo a signatory to CRPD: No

·         Has Democratic Republic of the Congo ratified CRPD: Yes, accession (30 September 2015)

·         Population with a disability: 10,213,106 (est.)