Dec. 12, 2004 Held



Election for Romanian Presidency


Cast Votes:10,112,262
Valid Votes:10,008,314
Invalid Votes:103,948


Traian BASESCU5,126,794


Adrian NASTASE4,881,520


More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • The office of President of Romania

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Ion ILIESCU
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Adrian NASTASE
  • Assembly: Romania has a bicameral Parliament (Parlament) consisting of the Senate (Senat) with 140 seats and the Chamber of Deputies (Adunarea Deputatilor) with 345 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by popular vote to serve a 5-year term.
  • In the Senate (Senat) 140 members are elected by popular vote via proportional representation to serve 4-year terms. In the Chamber of Deputies (Adunarea Deputatilor) 345 members are elected by popular vote via proportional representation to serve 4-year terms.

Main Candidates in the Second Round of the Presidential race:

  • Adrian NASTASE
    • Party: Social Democratic Party (PDS)
  • Traian BASESCU
    • Coalition: Justice and Truth Coalition / Dreptate si Adevar (DA)

Last Presidential election:

  • The last presidential election took place on December 10 and 12, 2000. In this election, Ion ILESCU of the Party of Social Democracy of Romania-Social Democratic Party (PDSR-PSDR) won 66.84% of the votes while Corneliu VADIM TUDOR of the Great Romania Party secured 33.16% of the votes.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 21,451,748 (2004)
  • Registered Voters: 18,316,104 (2004)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 10,984,583 (2004)

·         Is Romania a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (4 September 1980)

·         Has Romania ratified CEDAW: Yes (7 January 1982)

·         Gender Quota: No (there are some political parties that have adopted voluntary quotas)

·         Female candidates in this election: No

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 38 (House of Deputies); 13 (Senate) following the 2004 elections

·         Human Development Index Position: 52 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Romania a signatory to CRPD: Yes (26 September 2007)

·         Has Romania ratified CRPD: Yes (31 January 2011)

·         Population with a disability: 3,217,762 (est.)