Feb. 6, 2000 Held


Republic of Finland

Election for Finnish Presidency


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:3,201,713
Valid Votes:3,185,335
Invalid Votes:16,378

Vote Share by Candidate:

Tarja HALONEN1,644,029


Esko AHO1,540,615

Election Results Modified: Aug 17, 2023

General Information

At stake in this election:

  • The office of President of Finland

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Martti AHTISAARI
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Paavo LIPPONEN
  • Assembly: Finland has a unicameral Parliament (Eduskunta) with 200 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 6-year term.
  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the president with the approval of the parliament to serve a 4-year term.
  • In the Parliament (Eduskunta), 199 members are elected by open list proportional representation in multi-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms and 1 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms.***

*** There are 14 multi-member constituencies with anywhere from 6 to 33 seats. Seats are distributed among the individual parties, or alliances of several parties, in accordance with the d'Hondt method.

Main Candidates in the Second Round of the Presidential race:

  • Tarja HALONEN
    • Party: Social Democratic Party / (HSDP)
  • Esko AHO
    • Party: Centre Party / (Kesk)

Main Candidates in the First Round of the Presidential race:

  • Tarja HALONEN
    • Party: Social Democratic Party / (HSDP)
  • Esko AHO
    • Party: Centre Party / (Kesk)
    • Party: National Coalition / (KOK)
  • Elisabeth REHN
    • Party: Swedish People's Party / (SFP)
  • Heidi HAUTALA
    • Party: Greens Party
  • Other Candidates
    • Party: N/A

Last Presidential election:

  • Presidential Elections were last held on January 16 and February 6, 1994. President AHTISAARI received 54% of the vote, thereby defeating Elisabeth REHN who received 46%.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 5,176,209 (2000)
  • Registered Voters: 4,172,740 (January 2000)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 2,649,994 (2000)

·         Is Finland a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)

·         Has Finland ratified CEDAW: Yes (4 September 1986)

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 74 (following the 1999 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 24 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A

Disability Data:

·         Is Finland a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)

·         Has Finland ratified CRPD: Yes (11 May 2016)

·         Population with a disability: 776,431 (est.)

Election Modified: Aug 17, 2023

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