April 8, 2010 Held

Sri Lanka

Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka

Election for Sri Lankan Parliament


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:8,528,414
Valid Votes:7,989,187
Invalid Votes:539,227

Vote Share by Party:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

United People's Freedom Alliance 144 - 4,846,388


United National Party 60 - 2,357,057


Tamil National Alliance 14 - 233,190


Janathā Vimukthi Peramuṇa 7 - 441,251


Tamil Makkal Viduthalai Pulikal - - 20,284


Sri Lankan Muslim Congress - - -

Election Results Modified: Feb 16, 2010

General Information

At stake in this election:

  • 225 seats in the Parliament

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Mahinda Percy RAJAPAKSA *
  • Head of Government: President Mahinda Percy RAJAPAKSA
  • Assembly: Sri Lanka has a unicameral Parliament with 225 seats.

* Under the contingent vote system, voters may rank up to three candidates. If no candidate wins a majority in the first round of counting, ballots whose first rankings are eliminated candidates are redistributed to the next-ranked candidates on those ballots. The winner is the candidate with the most votes after this second round of counting.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected through a contingent vote system to serve a 6-year term.
  • In the Parliament 225 members are elected by open list proportional representation in multi-member constituencies to serve 6-year terms.***

*** Parties must clear a threshold of one-eighth of votes to win seats in the respective constituency. Each voter may cast three preference votes. There are 22 multi-member constituencies containing 196 seats and one nationwide constituency with 29 seats.

Main parties in the electoral race:

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 21,324,791 (July 2009 )
  • Registered Voters: 14,088,500 (April 2010)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 10,328,410 (2010)

·         Is Sri Lanka a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)

·         Has Sri Lanka ratified CEDAW: Yes (5 October 1981)

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 12 (following the 2010 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 73 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Medium (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Sri Lanka a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)

·         Has Sri Lanka ratified CRPD: Yes (8 February 2016)

·         Population with a disability: 3,198,718 (est.)

Election Modified: Aug 02, 2023

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