ElectionGudie

May 25, 2005 Held

17,184,302
Voted
Egypt

Results

51%
Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:17,184,302
Valid Votes:16,405,446
Invalid Votes:778,856

Provisions

Do you agree to amending Article 76 of the Constitution of the Arab Republic of Egypt?

No2,811,894

17.14

Yes13,593,552

82.86

More Info:

At stake in this Referendum:

  • This referendum is to approve the amendment to Article 76 of the Constitution allowing multi-candidate presidential elections.

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Mohamed Hosni MUBARAK
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Ahmed NAZIF
  • Assembly: Egypt has a bicameral Parliament consisting of the People's Assembly (Majlis al-Sha'b) with 454 seats and the Advisory Council (Majlis al-Shura) with 264 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by referendum. 
  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the President with the approval of the parliament.
  • In the Advisory Council (Majilis Al-Shura), 176 members are elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve 6-year terms and 88 members are appointed by the president to serve 6-year terms. In the People's Assembly (Majlis Al-Sha'b), 444 members are elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve 5-year terms, 10 members are appointed by the president to serve 5-year terms and 64 members are reserved for women to serve 5-year terms.**

Main provisions in the Referendum:

  • This referendum is to approve the amendment to Article 76 of the Constitution allowing multi-candidate presidential elections. Do you agree to amending Article 76 of the Constitution of the Arab Republic of Egypt?

Electoral Requirements

  • In order for the referendum to pass, popular majority was required.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 74,942,115 (2005)
  • Registered Voters: 31,826,284 (2005)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 37,180,097 (2005)

·         Is Egypt a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (16 July 1980)

·         Has Egypt ratified CEDAW: Yes (18 September 1981)

·         Gender Quota: Yes

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 11 (following the 2000 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 108 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Very High (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Egypt a signatory to CRPD: Yes (4 April 2007)

·         Has Egypt ratified CRPD: Yes (14 April 2008)

·         Population with a disability: 10,250,235 (est.)