ElectionGudie
Egypt

Arab Republic of Egypt

82,079,636 24

Population (as of July 1, 2011)

Elections in our database

35.51%

Registered Voters (as of )

Average Turnout

Name Official Name Type
Prime Minister Prime Minister Head of Government
President President Head of State
People's Assembly Majlis Al-Sha'b Lower House
Advisory Council Majilis Al-Shura Upper House

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Adly MANSOUR[1]
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Hazem AL BEBLAWI
  • Assembly: Egypt has a unicameral Parliament consisting of the People's Assembly (Majlis Al-Sha'b) with 498 seats.

 

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 4-year term.
  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the president with the approval of the parliament.
  • In the People's Assembly (Majlis Al-Sha'b), 166 members are elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve 5-year terms and 332 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 5-year terms.[2]
 

[1] President Mohammed MORSI was deposed in a military coup on 3 July 2013. The military announced that the President of the Supreme Constitutional Court, Adly MANSOUR would be acting President until elections could be held.

[2] In the nominal tier, every district contains two seats and electors are given two votes. If no candidate receives an absolute majority in the first round, a second round is held one week later. This round will contain the top 4 vote-getters. Previously, at least one seat in each district was reserved for a worker or farmer. If the two top candidates in the first round were not workers or farmers, the top candidate was elected and a new simple majority poll was held a week later among the top workers and farmers. Under the new constitution passed in January 2014, workers and farmers are guaranteed “appropriate representation,” but there is no mention of the system described above. There are similarly vague guarantees for the representation of youth, women, and Christians. These provisions will likely be clarified by an electoral law similar to the one that was issued for the upcoming presidential election. The 2014 constitution also abolishes the Shura (Advisory) Council, formerly the upper house of the parliament.

 

PR seats in the People’s Assembly are broken into 46 districts, which are based on Egypt’s 27 governorates. In the nominal tier of seats, 166 members are divided into 83 districts (2 seats per district). The threshold for entering parliament is .05%.

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Elections

Election For Date Votes Registered Voters Turn Out
People's Assembly 2000-10-18 - 20,987,453 -
People's Assembly 2000-10-29 - 20,987,453 -
People's Assembly 2000-11-08 - 20,987,453 -
Referendum 2005-05-25 17,184,302 32,036,353 53.64%
President 2005-09-07 7,305,036 31,826,284 22.95%
People's Assembly 2005-11-09 - 31,890,106 -
People's Assembly 2005-11-20 - 31,890,106 -
People's Assembly 2005-12-01 - 31,890,106 -
Referendum 2007-03-26 9,701,833 35,865,660 27.05%
People's Assembly 2010-06-01 - - -
People's Assembly 2010-06-08 - - -
People's Assembly 2010-11-28 - 31,890,106 -
People's Assembly 2010-12-05 - 31,890,106 -
Referendum 2011-03-19 18,537,954 45,000,000 41.2%
People's Assembly 2011-11-28 8,449,115 18,826,394 44.88%
People's Assembly 2011-12-14 - 5,065,000 -
Advisory Council 2012-01-29 3,543,972 50,065,000 7.08%
Advisory Council 2012-02-14 2,883,694 25,000,000 11.53%
President 2012-05-23 23,672,236 50,996,746 46.42%
President 2012-06-15 26,420,763 50,958,794 51.85%
Referendum 2012-12-15 17,058,317 50,996,746 33.45%
Referendum 2014-01-14 20,613,677 53,423,485 38.59%
President 2014-05-26 25,578,223 53,909,306 47.45%
People's Assembly 2015-03-31 - - -

Voter Turnout