At stake in this election:
- The office of President of the Arab Republic of Egypt
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Adly MANSOUR
- Head of Government: Prime Minister Ibrahim MAHLAB
- Assembly: Egypt has a unicameral Parliament consisting of a House of Representatives (Maglis Al-Nowwab)
Description of electoral system:
- The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a four-year term. However, as there are only two candidates running in the 2014 elections, a second round will not be needed.
- In-country voting will take place on 26-27 May. Out of country voting was 15-19 May.
- This presidential election will be the first since former president Mohamed MORSI was removed from office in July 2013. The election will be held according to the new presidential election law issued by presidential decree on 8 March 2014. According to the constitution passed on 15 January 2014, procedures for parliamentary elections must begin by 18 July (6 months after the constitution was ratified). Although the original roadmap laid out by the military called for the parliamentary elections to be held first, the amended constitution allowed President MANSOUR to reverse the order and hold the presidential election first.
Candidates in this presidential race:
- The first round of the last presidential election was held on 23-24 May 2012, while the run-off was held on 16-17 June 2012. The election was the first competitive presidential election since the ouster of President Hosni MUBARAK on 11 February 2011. None of the thirteen candidates received a majority of votes in the first round, and a second round was held between the two top candidates: Mohamed MORSI, who came in first in the first round with 24.78 percent of votes, and Ahmed Mohamed SHAFIK, who came in second in the first round with 23.66 percent of votes. In the second round, MORSI defeated SHAFIK with 51.73 percent of the vote. Results can be found here and here.
- On 14-15 January 2014, Egypt held a constitutional referendum to approve an amended constitution drafted by the 10-member Committee of Experts and finalized by the 50-member Committee of Society. The amended constitution replaced the 2012 constitution promulgated under President MORSI and suspended at the time of his ouster. Voter turnout was 38.6 percent, with 98.1 percent voting in favor of the amended constitution. Results can be found here.
Population and Registered Voters:
- Population: 86,895,099 (2014 est.)
- Registered Voters: 53,423,485 (January 2014 est.)
· Female Population: 44,321,011 (2014)
· Is Egypt a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (16 July 1980)
· Has Egypt ratified CEDAW: Yes (18 September 1981)
· Gender Quota: Yes
· Female candidates in this election: Yes
· Number of Female Parliamentarians: 10 (following the 2011 elections)
· Human Development Index Position: 108 (2014)
· Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Very High (2014)
· Is Egypt a signatory to CRPD: Yes (4 April 2007)
· Has Egypt ratified CRPD: Yes (14 April 2008)
· Population with a disability: 13,034,264 (est.)
 Following large scale protests on June 30, 2013, the military issued an ultimatum calling for resolution to the political crisis, which ultimately resulted in the ouster of President Morsi. Subsequently, the head of the Supreme Constitutional Court, Adly MANSOUR, was appointed as interim President until early presidential elections could be held.
 Abdel-Fattah el-SISI was Commander-in-Chief of the Egyptian Armed Forces and Minister of Defense from August 2012 to March 2014. He played a leading role in the ouster of the previous president Mohamed MORSI and was subsequently appointed First Deputy Prime Minister in July 2013 and promoted to Field Marshall in January 2014.
 Hamdeen SABAHI is a former 2012 presidential candidate and co-leader of the National Salvation Front, an alliance of parties of which his Egyptian Popular Current movement is a member.