Sept. 7, 2005 Held


Arab Republic of Egypt

Election for President


Cast Votes:7,305,036
Valid Votes:7,131,851
Invalid Votes:173,185


Mohamed Hosni MUBARAK6,316,784


Ayman Abdel Aziz NOUR540,405


Noman Khalil GOMAA208,891


Osama Abdel Shafi SHALTOUT29,857


Wahid Fakhry AL UKSORY11,881


Ibrahim Mohamed Abdel Monem TORK5,831


Mamdouh Mohamed Ahmed QENAWY5,481


Ahmed Al Sabahi AWADALLAH4,393


Fawzi Khalil GHAZAL4,222


Al Said Refaat Mohamed AL AGROUDY4,106


More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • The office of President of Egypt

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Mohamed Hosni MUBARAK
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Ahmed NAZIF
  • Assembly: Egypt has a bicameral Parliament consisting of the People's Assembly (Majlis al-Sha'b) with 454 seats and the Advisory Council (Majlis al-Shura) with 264 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 6-year term.
  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the president with the approval of the parliament.
  • In the People's Assembly (Majlis al-Sha'b), 444 members are elected by popular vote to serve 5-year terms and 10 members are appointed by the president to serve 5-year terms. In the Advisory Council (Majlis al-Shura), 176 members are elected by popular vote to serve 6-year terms and 88 members are appointed by the president to serve 6-year terms.

Main Candidates in the Presidential race:

  • Mohamed Hosni MUBARAK
    • Party: National Democratic Party
  • Ayman Abdel Aziz NOUR
    • Party: Tomorrow (Al Ghad) Party
  • Noman Khalil GOMAA
    • Party: Al Wafd Party
  • Osama Abdel Shafi SHALTOUT
    • Party: The Solidarity (Al Takaful) Party
  • Wahid Fakhry AL UKSORY
    • Party: The Egyptian Socialist Arab (Misr Al Arabi Al Ishtraki) Party
  • Ibrahim Mohamed Abdel Monem TORK
    • Party: The Democratic Union (Al Itihad Al Demoqrati) Party
  • Mamdouh Mohamed Ahmed QENAWY
    • Party: The Social Constitutional (Al Dustour Al Igtima'i) Party
  • Ahmed Al Sabahi AWADALLAH
    • Party: The Nation (Al Ummah) Party
  • Fawzi Khalil GHAZAL
    • Party: Egypt 2000 (Misr 2000) Party
  • Al Said Refaat Mohamed AL AGROUDY
    • Party: The National Conciliation (Al Wifaq Al Qawmy) Party

Last Presidential election:

  • A national referendum was held on September 26, 1999 to validate the nomination of Hosni MUBARAK as president by the People's Assembly.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 77,505,756 (July 2005 est.)
  • Registered Voters: 31,826,284 ( 2005)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 74,942,115 (2005)

·         Is Egypt a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (16 July 1980)

·         Has Egypt ratified CEDAW: Yes (18 September 1981)

·         Gender Quota: Yes

·         Female candidates in this election: No

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 11 (following the 2000 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 108 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Very High (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Egypt a signatory to CRPD: Yes (4 April 2007)

·         Has Egypt ratified CRPD: Yes (14 April 2008)

·         Population with a disability: 10,250,235 (est.)