ElectionGudie
Zimbabwe

Republic of Zimbabwe

13,771,721 12

Population (as of June 4, 2015)

Elections in our database

5,874,115 45.67%

Registered Voters (as of March 9, 2016)

Average Turnout

Name Official Name Type
President President Head of State
Senate Upper House
National Assembly Lower House
Prime Minister Prime Minister Head of Government

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Robert Gabriel MUGABE (since 31 December 1987)
  • Head of Government: President Robert Gabriel MUGABE*
  • Assembly: Zimbabwe has a bicameral Parliament consisting of the Senate with 80 seats and the National Assembly with 270 seats.

*The office of Prime Minister was abolished in 2013.  

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 5-year term.
  • In the Senate, 60 members are elected by proportional representation at the provincial level to serve 5-year terms, 16 members are elected by regional governing councils to serve 5-year terms, 2 members are reserved for the President and Deputy President of the National Council of Chiefs to serve 5-year terms and 2 members are filled to represent persons with disabilities to serve 5-year terms*. In the National Assembly, 210 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms and 60 members are women elected by proportional representation at the provincial level to serve 5-year terms.**

* In the Senate, 60 Senators are elected on the basis of party-list proportional representation based upon the provincial returns of votes for parties fielding candidates in the National Assembly elections. The party lists alternate gender, with every list being led by a female candidate. An additional 16 Senators are Chiefs elected by 8 non-metropolitan provincial assemblies. 2 Senators are elected to represent persons with disabilities, and the final 2 Senate seats are designated for the President and Deputy President of the National Council of Chiefs.

** In the National Assembly, 60 seats are reserved for women. In each of Zimbabwe's 10 provinces, 6 women are elected by proportional representation based on the provincial return of votes for parties fielding candidates in the National Assembly's constituency elections.

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Elections

Election For Date Votes Registered Voters Turn Out
Referendum 2000-02-12 1,312,738 6,500,000 20.2%
President 2002-03-09 2,998,758 5,049,815 59.38%
House of Assembly 2005-05-31 2,696,670 5,658,624 47.66%
Senate 2005-11-26 631,347 3,239,574 19.49%
Senate 2008-03-29 2,406,478 5,612,464 42.88%
President 2008-03-29 2,537,240 5,934,768 42.75%
National Assembly 2008-03-29 2,424,808 5,612,464 43.2%
President 2008-06-27 2,514,750 5,934,768 42.37%
Referendum 2013-03-16 3,316,082 5,934,768 55.88%
National Assembly 2013-07-31 3,377,276 5,874,115 57.49%
President 2013-07-31 3,480,047 5,874,115 59.24%
Senate 2013-07-31 3,377,276 5,874,115 57.49%

Voter Turnout