ElectionGudie
Romania

Romania

21,790,479 20

Population (as of July 1, 2013)

Elections in our database

51.46%

Registered Voters (as of )

Average Turnout

Name Official Name Type
President President Head of State
Prime Minister Prime Minister Head of Government
Chamber of Deputies Camera Deputaţilor Lower House
Senate Senat Upper House

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Traian BASESCU
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Victor-Viorel PONTA
  • Assembly: Romania has a bicameral Parliament (Parlament) consisting of the Senate (Senat) with 137 seats and the Chamber of Deputies (Camera Deputaţilor) with 315 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 5-year term.
  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the president with the approval of the parliament.
  • In the Senate (Senat) 137 members are elected through a modified mixed-member proportional system to serve 4-year terms*. In the Chamber of Deputies (Camera Deputaţilor), 19 members are reserved for minorities to serve 4-year terms and 315 members are elected through a modified mixed-member proportional system to serve 4-year terms.**

* Seats are distributed nationwide to parties in proportion to their vote shares, provided they have met a 5 percent threshold. This occurs after seats have been allocated to winners in single-member constituencies. A candidate must obtain an absolute majority of votes to win in any single-member constituency.

** As in the Senate, seats are allocated nationwide in proportion to parties' vote shares. This occurs after seats have been allocated to candidates winning majorities in single-seat constituencies. Various national thresholds apply: 5 percent for single parties (or at least 6 Chamber seats, or at least 3 Senate seats); 8 percent for alliances of two parties; 9 percent for alliances of three, and 10 percent for alliances of four or more parties.

There is no fixed number of reserve seats. These go to members of recognized minority groups (one per group) who do not win representation otherwise in either chamber. Such a candidate must have received 10 percent of the average number of valid votes cast for Deputies in the single-seat constituencies.

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Elections

Election For Date Votes Registered Voters Turn Out
President 2000-11-26 11,559,458 17,699,727 65.31%
Chamber of Deputies 2000-11-26 11,559,458 17,699,727 65.31%
Senate 2000-11-26 11,559,458 17,699,727 65.31%
President 2000-12-10 10,184,715 17,711,757 57.5%
Chamber of Deputies 2004-11-28 10,787,747 18,449,344 58.47%
President 2004-11-28 10,794,653 18,449,676 58.51%
Senate 2004-11-28 10,794,653 18,449,344 58.51%
President 2004-12-12 10,112,262 18,449,676 54.81%
Referendum 2007-05-19 8,135,272 18,301,309 44.45%
Referendum 2007-11-25 4,851,470 18,267,634 26.56%
Chamber of Deputies 2008-11-30 7,238,871 18,464,274 39.2%
Senate 2008-11-30 7,238,871 18,464,274 39.2%
Referendum 2009-11-22 9,320,240 18,293,277 50.95%
President 2009-11-22 9,946,748 18,293,277 54.37%
President 2009-12-06 10,620,116 18,303,224 58.02%
Referendum 2012-07-29 8,459,053 18,292,464 46.24%
Senate 2012-12-09 7,694,180 18,423,066 41.76%
Chamber of Deputies 2012-12-09 7,694,180 18,423,066 41.76%
President 2014-11-02 - - -
President 2014-11-16 - - -

Voter Turnout