ElectionGudie

Dec. 9, 2012 Held

7,694,180
Voted
Romania

Romania

Election for Senat (Romanian Senate)

Results

40%
Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:7,694,180
Valid Votes:7,409,626
Invalid Votes:284,554

Parties:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Social-Liberal Union 122 - 4,457,526

60.16%

Right Romanian Alliance 24 - 1,239,318

16.73%

People's Party - Dan Diaconescu 21 - 1,086,822

14.67%

Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 9 - 388,528

5.24%

Greater Romania Party - - 109,142

1.47%

Hungarian People's Party in Transylvania - - 58,765

0.79%

Ecologist Party of Romania - - 58,335

0.79%

People's Party - - 11,681

0.16%

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • 137 seats in the Senate (Senat)
  • 315 seats in the Chamber of Deputies (Camera Deputaţilor)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Traian BĂSESCU
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Victor-Viorel PONTA
  • Assembly: Romania has a bicameral Parliament (Parlament) consisting of the Senate (Senat) with 137 seats and the Chamber of Deputies (Camera Deputaţilor) with 334 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 5-year term.
  • Prime Minister is appointed by the president with the approval of the parliament.
  • In the Senate (Senat) 137 members are elected through a modified mixed-member proportional system to serve 4-year terms*. In the Chamber of Deputies (Camera Deputaţilor), 19 members are reserved to serve 4-year terms and 315 members are elected through a modified mixed-member proportional system to serve 4-year terms.**

* Seats are distributed nationwide to parties in proportion to their vote shares, provided they have met a 5 percent threshold. This occurs after seats have been allocated to winners in single-member constituencies. A candidate must obtain an absolute majority of votes to win in any single-member constituency.

** As in the Senate, seats are allocated nationwide in proportion to parties' vote shares. This occurs after seats have been allocated to candidates winning majorities in single-seat constituencies. Various national thresholds apply: 5 percent for single parties (or at least 6 Chamber seats, or at least 3 Senate seats); 8 percent for alliances of two parties; 9 percent for alliances of three, and 10 percent for alliances of four or more parties.

There is no fixed number of reserve seats. These go to members of recognized minority groups (one per group) who do not win representation otherwise in either chamber. Such a candidate must have received 10 percent of the average number of valid votes cast for Deputies in the single-seat constituencies.

Main parties in the electoral race:

* Political alliance between the Social Democratic Party, National Liberal Party, and the Conservative Party.
** Political alliance between the Democratic Liberal Party, National Peasant Christian-Demoncratic Party, Civic Force, and the Centre-Right Civic Initiative.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 20,058,035 (2012)
  • Registered Voters: 18,423,066 (2012)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 10,327,257 (2012)

·         Is Romania a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (4 September 1980)

·         Has Romania ratified CEDAW: Yes (7 January 1982)

·         Gender Quota: No (there are some political parties that have adopted voluntary quotas)

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 55 (House of Deputies); 13 (Senate) following the 2012 elections

·         Human Development Index Position: 52 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Romania a signatory to CRPD: Yes (26 September 2007)

·         Has Romania ratified CRPD: Yes (31 January 2011)

·         Population with a disability: 3,008,705 (est.)