ElectionGudie

Dec. 6, 2009 Held

10,620,116
Voted
Romania

Romania

Election for President

Results

57%
Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:10,620,116
Valid Votes:10,481,568
Invalid Votes:138,548

Candidates:

Traian BASESCU5,275,808

50.33

Mircea-Dan GEOANA5,205,760

49.67

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • The office of President of Romania

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Traian BASESCU *
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Emil BOC
  • Assembly: Romania has a bicameral Parliament (Parlament) consisting of the Senate (Senat) with 137 seats and the Chamber of Deputies (Camera Deputatilor) with 315 seats.

* Presidential elections take place under a two-round majority runoff system.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote to serve a 5-year term.
  • In the Senate (Senat) 137 members are elected through a modified mixed-member proportional system to serve 4-year terms*. In the Chamber of Deputies (Camera Deputatilor), 19 members are reserved to serve 4-year terms and 315 members are elected through a modified mixed-member proportional system to serve 4-year terms.**

* Seats are distributed nationwide to parties in proportion to their vote shares, provided they have met a 5 percent threshold. This occurs after seats have been allocated to winners in single-member constituencies. A candidate must obtain an absolute majority of votes to win in any single-member constituency.

** As in the Senate, seats are allocated nationwide in proportion to parties' vote shares. This occurs after seats have been allocated to candidates winning majorities in single-seat constituencies. Various national thresholds apply: 5 percent for single parties (or at least 6 Chamber seats, or at least 3 Senate seats); 8 percent for alliances of two parties; 9 percent for alliances of three, and 10 percent for alliances of four or more parties.

There is no fixed number of reserve seats. These go to members of recognized minority groups (one per group) who do not win representation otherwise in either chamber. Such a candidate must have received 10 percent of the average number of valid votes cast for Deputies in the single-seat constituencies.

Main Candidates in the Second Round of the Presidential race:

  • Traian BASESCU
    • Party: Democratic Liberal Party
  • Mircea-Dan GEOANA
    • Party: Social Democratic Party

Main Candidates in the First Round of the Presidential race:

  • Traian BASESCU
    • Party: Democratic Liberal Party
  • Mircea-Dan GEOANA
    • Party: Social Democratic Party
  • George-Crin-Laurentiu ANTONESCU
    • Party: National Liberal Party
  • Corneliu VADIM-TUDOR
    • Party: Party of Great Romania
  • Hunor KELEMEN
    • Party: Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania
  • Sorin-Mircea OPRESCU
    • Independent(s): N/A
  • George BECALI
    • Alliance: New Generation-Christian Democratic
  • Remus-Florinel CERNEA
    • Party: Green Party
  • Constantin ROTARU
    • Party: Socialist Alliance Party
  • Gheorge-Eduard MANOLE
    • Independent(s): N/A
  • Ovidiu-Cristian IANE
    • Party: Ecologist Party of Romania
  • Constantin-Ninel POTIRCA
    • Independent(s): N/A

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 20,367,487 (2009)
  • Registered Voters: 18,293,277 (November 2009)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 10,466,552 (2009)

·         Is Romania a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (4 September 1980)

·         Has Romania ratified CEDAW: Yes (7 January 1982)

·         Gender Quota: No (there are some political parties that have adopted voluntary quotas)

·         Female candidates in this election: No

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 38 (House of Deputies); 8 (Senate) following the 2008 elections

·         Human Development Index Position: 52 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Romania a signatory to CRPD: Yes (26 September 2007)

·         Has Romania ratified CRPD: Yes (31 January 2011)

·         Population with a disability: 3,055,123 (est.)