Sept. 22, 2013 Held


Federal Republic of Germany

Election for Bundestag (German Federal Diet)


Cast Votes:44,289,652
Valid Votes:43,702,474
Invalid Votes:587,178


Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Christian Democratic Union / Christian Social Union 311 - 18,157,256


Social Democratic Party of Germany 192 - 11,247,283


The Left 64 - 3,752,577


Alliance '90/The Greens 63 - 3,690,314


Free Democratic Party - - 2,082,305


Alternative for Germany - - 2,052,372


Pirate Party - - 958,507


Seat Shares:

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • 598 seats in the Federal Diet (Bundestag)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: Federal President Joachim GAUCK *
  • Head of Government: Chancellor Angela MERKEL **
  • Assembly: Germany has a bicameral Parliament (Parlament) consisting of the Federal Council (Bundesrat) with 69 seats and the Federal Diet (Bundestag) with 622 seats.

* The Federal President is elected by a Federal Convention to serve a 5-year term. The Federal Convention includes all members of the Federal Assembly and an equal number of delegates elected by the state parliaments. A candidate must secure a majority of votes in the Federal Convention to be elected. If this does not happen in two rounds of voting, a third round is held where only a plurality is needed to win.

** The Chancellor must win an absolute majority of votes in the Federal Assembly.

Description of electoral system:

  • The Federal President is elected by indirect vote to serve a 5-year term.
  • Chancellor is elected by parliament to serve a 4-year term.
  • In the Federal Council (Bundesrat) 69 members are filled by regional legislatures*. In the Federal Diet (Bundestag), 299 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms and 299 members are allocated by popular vote through a mixed-member proportional system to serve 4-year terms.**

* There are 16 multi-member districts (magnitude ranging from 3 to 6), each of which corresponds to one of the 16 Lander (states). Each state elects a regional assembly, which elects a regional government, a delegation of which represents the Land in the Federal Council.

** Each voter has two votes. In each single-member district, the first vote counts toward the election of a plurality winner. Each Land also represents a multi-member district. The second vote determines outcomes in the MMDs. Within each Land, a party is entitled to a share of seats proportional to its share of second votes. Seats at the MMD/compensatory level are allocated to parties from closed lists to make each party's overall seat share (compensatory seats + SMD seats) is proportional to its Land-wide vote share. To qualify for compensatory seats, a party must win either 5 percent of second votes nation-wide or at least 3 SMD seats. Because it is possible for a party to win more SMD seats than its share of second votes otherwise would allow ("overhang mandates"), the size of the compensatory tier can change, and with it the size of the Bundestag. There are currently 24 members in the overhang mandates.

Main parties in the electoral race:

* The CDU and CSU, also known as the Union parties, are Germany's two main conservative parties. The CSU only contests elections in Bavaria, whereas the CDU contests elections in all other German states.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 82,132,753 (2013)
  • Registered Voters: 62,168,489 (September 2009 )

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 41,820,729 (2013)

·         Is Germany a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)

·         Has Germany ratified CEDAW: Yes (10 July 1985)

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 230 (German Bundestag) following the 2013 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 6 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A

Disability Data:

·         Is Germany a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)

·         Has Germany ratified CRPD: Yes (24 February 2009)

·         Population with a disability: 12,319,912 (est.)