July 7, 2024 Confirmed


French Republic

Election for Assemblée Nationale (French National Assembly)

General Information

At Stake in this Election:

  • All 577 seats in the French National Assembly

Government Structure:

  • Chief of State: President Emmanuel MACRON (since 14 May 2017)
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Gabriel ATTAL (since 9 January 2024)
  • Assembly: bicameral parliament with a 348-seat Senate (Senat) and a 577-seat National Assembly (Assemblée nationale)

Electoral System:

  • The President is directly elected by absolute majority popular vote in 2 rounds if needed for a 5-year term.
  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the President.
  • The Senate is comprised of 348 seats. 328 seats are reserved for metropolitan France, Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, Reunion, and Mayotte. 2 seats each are reserved for New Caledonia and French Polynesia. 1 seat each is reserved for Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, Saint-Bathelemy, Saint-Martin, and Wallis and Futuna. 12 seats are reserved for French nationals abroad. Members are indirectly elected by departmental electoral colleges using either absolute majority vote or proportional representation vote depending on the number of members in each department. All members serve 6-year terms, with one-half of the membership renewed every 3 years.
  • The National Assembly is comprised of 577 seats. 556 seats are reserved for metropolitan France, 10 are reserved for overseas departments, and 11 are reserved for citizens abroad. All members are directly elected by absolute majority vote in 2 rounds if needed to serve 5-year terms.

Last Election:

In the 2022 National Assembly election, the Ensemble Party won 244 seats, New People’s Ecological and Social Union won 127 seats, National Rally won 89 seats, and Union of the Right and Centre won 64 seats. Voter turnout was 46%.

Information for Voters:

Comment je vote ? / How do I vote? (in French)

New/Unique this Election:

President Emmanuel MACRON called a snap election on 9 June 2024 following the release of preliminary results from the European Parliament elections that showed significant gains for far right parties.

Key Deadlines:

Main Parties in this Election:

Final party lists will be announced on 16 June 2024.

Population and Registered Voters:

Gender Data:

Disability Data:

  • CRPD Status: Signed 30 March 2007, Accepted 18 February 2010
  • Projected population with a disability: 10,875,409 (2022 estimate)

IFES Resources:

  • Does IFES have a presence in France: No
  • Election Access: Yes
  • Election Judgements: Yes, 7 resources
Election Modified: Jun 13, 2024

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With Participation Rates