IFES
 

April 17, 2024 Confirmed

Solomon Islands

Solomon Islands

Election for Solomon Islander National Parliament


General Information

At Stake in this Election:

  • All 50 seats in the Solomon Islands National Parliament

Provincial assembly and Honiara city council elections will take place concurrently.

Government Structure:

  • Chief of State: King CHARLES III (since 8 September 2022)
    • Represented by Governor General David VUNAGI (since 8 July 2019)
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Manasseh SOGAVARE (since 24 April 2019)
  • Assembly: unicameral National Parliament with 50 seats

Electoral System:

  • The King is a hereditary monarch.
  • The Governor General is nominated by the National Parliament and appointed by the monarch. The Governor General may serve up to two 5-year terms.
  • The Prime Minister, typically the parliamentary majority leader, is elected by the National Parliament following each general election.
  • In the National Parliament, all 50 members are directly elected by plurality vote from single-seat constituencies. All members serve 4-year terms.

Last Election:

In the 2019 parliamentary election, independent candidates won the largest share of seats (21). Eight coalitions and parties also won seats. Voter turnout was 67.54%.

Information for Voters:

Voter and Civic Awareness Materials (in English)

New/Unique in this Election:

The postponement of the general election was enacted in September 2022 with the passage of the Constitution (Amendment) Bill 2022. The postponement delayed the next general election from 2023 to 2024. The government's official reason was to avoid having the election conflict with the 2023 Pacific Games, which the Solomon Islands hosted.

Key Deadlines:

Main Parties in this Election:

  • Coalition for Accountability Reform and Empowerment (CARE) 
    • Coalition including the Democratic Alliance Party (DAP) and Solomon Islands Democratic Party (SIDP), Umi for Change 
    • Seats won in last election: 11 out of 50
  • Kadare Party 
    • Seats won in last election: 8 out of 50
  • United Democratic Party 
    • Seats won in last election: 4 out of 50
  • People’s Alliance Party 
    • Seats won in last election: 2 out of 50
  • United Party 
    • Seats won in last election: 2 out of 50
  • Solomon Islands’ Party for Rural Advancement 
    • Seats won in last election: 1 out of 50
  • Solomon Islands People First Party 
    • Seats won in last election: 1 out of 50
  • Democratic Coalition Government for Advancement (DCGA) 
    • Coalition including Ownership, Unity and Responsibility Party (OUR)
    • Seats won in last election: 0 out of 50

Population and Registered Voters:

Gender Data:

  • Female Population: 354,370 (2022 est.)
  • CEDAW Status: Ratified (by accession) 6 May 2002
  • Gender Quota:  At least 10% of slots on each party list for National Assembly elections must be reserved for women.
  • Female Candidates in this election: Yes
  • Number of Female Legislators (pre-election): 4 out of 50 (8%) in the National Assembly
  • Human Development Index (HDI) Position: 0.562, Medium, Rank 156 (2024)
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Unavailable

Disability Data:

  • CRPD Status: Signed 23 September 2008, Ratified 22 June 2023
  • Projected population with a disability: 115,883 (2022 est.)

IFES Resources:

  • Election Snapshot: Yes
  • Does IFES have a presence in the Solomon Islands: Yes, programming  
  • Election Access: Yes
  • Election Judgements:  Yes, 1 judgement
Election Modified: Apr 11, 2024

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With Participation Rates