June 18, 2023 Held


Republic of Mali



Voter Participation

Cast Votes:3,334,531
Valid Votes:3,307,402
Invalid Votes:21,129

Referendum Vote Share

Do you approve the proposed changes to the Constitution of Mali? (exact question wording not yet available)

Yes (Oui)3,208,230


No (Non)99,181

Election Results Modified: Jun 26, 2023

General Information

At Stake in this Election: 

On June 18, 2023, Malians will vote on a proposed constitution prepared by the transitional government. The proposed constitution would increase presidential powers, create a bicameral legislature, explicitly define Mali as a secular state, and allow for the creation of autonomous areas ruled by locally elected councils, among other changes. The constitutional referendum, planned as part of a democratic transition intended to culminate in a general election in 2024, was rescheduled from March to June of 2023.  

Government Structure:  

  • Chief of State: Transition President Assimi GOÏTA (since 7 June 2021) 

  • Head of Government: Transition Prime Minister Choguel MAÏGA (since 7 June 2021) 

  • Assembly: unicameral National Transition Council (Conseil National de la Transition) with 147 seats 

Electoral System:  

  • The transition President was appointed by the military.  

  • In August of 2020, President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta officially resigned under pressure from the military, who then installed Bah Ndaw as transitional president. In May 2021, the military removed Ndaw and installed Colonel Assimi Goïta as the new transition president. 

  • The transition Prime Minister was appointed by the transition President. 

  • The National Transition Council includes 147 seats, and all members were appointed by the transition president. 

New/Unique in this Election:  

Mali is experiencing ongoing armed conflict, especially in the northern and central regions, as insurgent groups clash with one another as well as government and UN forces. The conflict has displaced hundreds of thousands of people, and the complex security situation affects significant portions of the country. Major electoral challenges include voting by displaced people and addressing shifting security threats, especially as conflict approaches the capital region. There is an early voting day on 11 June 2023 for members of the armed forces

Key Deadlines: 

Population and Registered Voters: 

Gender Data: 

Disability Data: 

IFES Resources: 

  • Does IFES have a presence in Mali: Yes, program office 

  • Election Access: Yes 

  • Election Judgements: Yes; 4 judgements & 10 resources 

Election Modified: Aug 18, 2023

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