April 30, 2023 Held


Republic of Paraguay

Election for Paraguayan Presidency


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:3,021,029
Valid Votes:2,939,087
Invalid Votes:81,982

Vote Share by Candidate:

Santi PEÑA1,291,209


Efraín ALEGRE830,302


Payo CUBAS692,429

Election Results Modified: Nov 06, 2023

General Information

At Stake in this Election: 

  • The presidency and vice-presidency of Paraguay 

Government Structure:  

  • Chief of State: President Mario ABDO Benitez (since 15 August 2018) 

  • Head of Government: President Mario ABDO Benitez (since 15 August 2018) 

  • Assembly: bicameral National Congress (Congreso Nacional) consisting of a 45-seat Chamber of Senators (Cámara de Senadores) and an 80-seat Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados) 

Electoral System:  

  • The President is directly elected by plurality vote and serves a single 5-year term. The president and vice president are elected as a slate. 

  • All 45 senators are directly elected by closed-list proportional representation vote from a single, nationwide constituency. Senators serve 5-year terms. 

  • All 80 deputies are directly elected by closed-list proportional vote in 18 multi-seat constituencies (departments). Deputies serve 5-year terms. 

Last Election: 

In 2018, Mario ABDO Benítez (ANR) won the presidency with 48.96% of the vote. His primary opponent, Efraín ALEGRE Sasain (PLRA) received 45.08% of the vote. Voter turnout was 58%. 

Key Deadlines: 

New/Unique in this Election:  

Current president Mario Abdo Benítez (ANR) is ineligible for reelection due to term limits. Several opposition parties have formed a new coalition, the National Coalition for a New Paraguay (CN2023), in support of Efraín Alegre Sasain. 

Main Candidates in this Election: 

  • Santi PEÑA Palacios 

  • Colorado Party / Partido Colorado (ANR) 

  • Efraín ALEGRE Sasain 

  • National Coalition for a New Paraguay / Concertación Nacional para un Nuevo Paraguay (CN2023) 

  • Alfredo MACHUCA Doldan 

  • Independent Patriotic Citizen Coordination Movement / Movimiento Independiente Coordinadora Patriótica Ciudadana (CPC) 

  • Euclides ACEVEDO Candia 

  • New Republic Political Movement / Movimiento Político la Nueva República (MPNR) 

  • Juan Felix ROMERO Lovera 

  • Solidarity and Humanist Movement / Movimiento Humanista y Solidario (MHS) 

  • Aurelio MARTÍNEZ Cabral 

  • Paraguay, Unite / Únete Paraguay (UP) 

  • Rosa BOGARÍN Alen 

  • Heirs of the Democratic Socialist Party / Partido Socialista Democrático Herederos (PSDH) 

  • Payo CUBAS Colomes 

  • Nacional Crusade Party / Partido Cruzada Nacional (PCN) 

  • Luis TALAVERA Alegre 

  • Let’s Unite National Party / Partido Nacional Unámonos (PNU) 

  • José Luís Félix CHILAVERT González 

  • Youth Power Party / Partido de la Juventud Fuerza Joven (PJFJ) 

  • Prudencio BURGOS Roa 

  • National 30A People’s Party / Partido Nacional de la Gente 30A (PNG30A) 

  • Jorge Humberto GÓMEZ Otaño 

  • National Union of Ethical Citizens / Unión Nacional de Ciudadanos Éticos (UNACE) 

  • Oscar CAÑETE 

  • Green Party / Partido Verde Paraguay (PVP) 

Population and Registered Voters: 

Gender Data: 

Disability Data: 

IFES Resources: 

  • Does IFES have a presence in Paraguay: No  

  • Election Access: Yes 

  • Election Judgements: Yes; 5 judgements & 6 resources  

Election Modified: Jul 10, 2023

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