Feb. 24, 2023 Held


Republic of Djibouti

Election for Assemblée nationale (Djiboutian National Assembly)


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:170,430
Valid Votes:None
Invalid Votes:None

Vote Share by Party:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Union for a Presidential Majority 58 - 159,658


Union for Democracy and Justice (UDJ) (Union pour la démocratie et la justice) 7 - - 10,772

Election Results Modified: May 26, 2023

General Information

At Stake in this Election: 

  • All 65 seats of the Djiboutian National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) 

Government Structure:  

  • Chief of State: President Ismail Omar GUELLEH (since 8 May 1999) 

  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Abdoulkader Kamil MOHAMED (since 1 April 2013) 

  • Legislature: Unicameral National Assembly with 65 members 

Electoral System:  

  • The president is directly elected by absolute majority vote in up to two rounds of voting.  The president serves a five-year term. 

  • The prime minister is appointed by the president. 

  • Members of the National Assembly are directly elected from six multi-seat constituencies (cercles) by party-list proportional representation vote. Members serve five-year terms. 

  • In each constituency, 80% of seats are allocated to the party that won a majority of the vote. The remaining seats are split (via proportional representation) between all other parties that won at least 10% of the vote. 

Last Election: 

In the 2018 general election, the Union for the Presidential Majority won 57 seats, maintaining their majority. The Union for Democracy and Justice won 7 seats, and the Center of Unified Democrats won a single seat. 

Key Deadlines: 

  • Candidate filing deadline: 26 January 2023 

  • Voter registration deadline: 30 September 2022 

Main Candidates in this Election: 

  • Union for the Presidential Majority / Union pour la Majorité Présidentielle (UMP) 

  • Leader: Ismail Omar GUELLEH 

  • Seats won in last election: 57/65 

  • The UMP is a four-party coalition composed of the RPP, FRUD, PND, and PSD. 

  • Union for Democracy and Justice / Union pour la Démocratie et la Justice (UDJ) 

  • Leader: Ilaya Ismael Guedi HARED 

  • Seats won in last election: 7/65 

Population and Registered Voters: 

Gender Data: 

Disability Data: 

IFES Resources: 

  • Does IFES have a presence in Djibouti: No  

  • Election Access: Yes 

  • Election Judgements: Yes, 1 resource 

Election Modified: Mar 07, 2023

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