At stake in this election:
- The Presidency of Costa Rica, as well as the 1st and 2nd Vice President positions[i]*
*Note: this election is a run-off election that follows the primary election held on February 6th, 2022. More information about that election can be found here.
Description of government structure[ii]:
- Chief of State: President Carlos ALVARADO Quesada (since 8 May 2018)*
- Assembly: The unicameral Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa).
*Note: The President is both the chief of state and head of government. There is also a First Vice President and Second Vice President elected on the same ballot as the president.
Description of electoral system[iii]:
- The president and vice presidents are directly on the same ballot by modified majority popular vote (40% threshold) for a 4-year term.
- The Legislative Assembly has 57 seats and is directly elected in multi-seat constituencies corresponding to the country’s 7 provinces. Members serve 4-year terms.
- The last presidential election was a primary held on February 6th, 2022. Jose Maria Figueres won 27.26% of the vote and Rodrigo Chavez Robles won 16.70% of the vote,
Main Candidates in this election*:
- National Liberation Party (PLN) / Partido Liberación Nacional
- President: Jose Maria FIGUERES
- First Vice President: Alvaro Ramirez BOGANTES
- Second Vice President: Laura Arguedas MEJIA
- Social Democratic Progress Party (PPSD) / Partido Progreso Social Democrático
- President: Rodrigo Chaves ROBLES
- First Vice President: Stephan Brunner NEIBIG
- Second Vice President: Mary Munive ANGERMULLER
Population and number of registered voters:
- Female Population: Not available
- Is Costa Rica a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (signed 17 July 1980)[vii]
- Has Costa Rica ratified CEDAW: Yes (ratified 4 April 1986)[viii]
- Gender Quota: Yes, both legislated and voluntary quotas. (Costa Rican election law requires that ‘all delegations, electoral lists and other entities’ must be composed of 50% of each gender.)[ix]
- Female candidates in this election: No
- Number of female legislators: 26 out of 57[x]
- Human Development Index Position: 0.810 (ranked 62)[xi]
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low (28%)[xii]
- Is Costa Rica a signatory to CRPD: Yes (signed 30 March 2007)[xiii]
- Has Costa Rica ratified CRPD: Yes (ratified 1 October 2008)[xiv]
- Population with a disability: 722,122 (2022 est.)[xv]