Nov. 8, 2022 Held

United States of America

United States of America

Election for US House of Representatives


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:107,577,138
Valid Votes:None
Invalid Votes:None

Vote Share by Party:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Republican Party 222 - 54,471,731


Democratic Party (Democrats) 213 - 51,432,944

Election Results Modified: Dec 13, 2022

General Information

At Stake in this Election:        

  • 435 seats in the House of Representatives of the United States of America 

Government Structure: 

  • Chief of State: President Joseph BIDEN 

  • Head of Government: President Joseph BIDEN 

  • Assembly: Bicameral legislature with a 100-seat Senate and a 435-seat House of Representatives 

Electoral System: 

  • The President is elected indirectly through the Electoral College, a body made up of electors with each state receiving the number of electors equal to the size of their delegation in both Houses of Congress. Generally, the electors give their votes to the candidate who won the state. The President is elected to four-year terms, with a maximum of two. 

  • In the Senate 100 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 6-year terms*.  

  • In the House of Representatives 435 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 2-year terms. 

* One-third of Senate seats are up for election every two years. 

Main Candidates in this Election:  

  • Democratic Party 

  • Leader: Nancy PELOSI 

  • Seats won in last election: 222 

  • Republican Party 

  • Leader: Kevin MCCARTHY 

  • Seats won in last election: 213 

Population and Registered Voters: 

  • Population: 337,341,954 (2022 est.)1 

  • Registered Voters: 228,004,364 (2020)

Gender Data: 

  • Female Population: 168,734,626 (2022 est.)3 

  • Is the United States a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 Jul 1980)

  • Has the United States ratified CEDAW: No 

  • Gender Quota: None 

  • Female Candidates in this election: Yes 

  • Number of Female Legislators (pre-election): 122 out of 435 in the House of Representatives (28.4%); 24 out of 100 in the Senate (24%)5 

  • Human Development Index (HDI) Position: Rank 21 at 0.921 (2022)

  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A 

Disability Data: 

  • Is the United States a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 Jul 2009)7 

  • Has the United States ratified CRPD: No 

  • Population with a disability: 50,601,293 (2022 est.) 

IFES Resources: 

  • Does IFES have a presence in the United States: Yes, IFES headquarters are based in the U.S. However, IFES does not have any active programming in the U.S. 

  • Election Judgements: Yes, 238 


1. https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/countries/united-states/#people-and-society

2. https://www.idea.int/data-tools/country-view/295/40

3. https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/countries/united-states/#people-and-society 

4. https://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/15/TreatyBodyExternal/Treaty.aspx?Treaty=CEDAW&Lang=en

5. https://data.ipu.org/women-ranking?month=9&year=2022

6. https://hdr.undp.org/data-center/specific-country-data#/countries/USA 

7. https://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/15/TreatyBodyExternal/Treaty.aspx?Treaty=CEDAW&Lang=en

8. https://electionjudgments.org/en/library/?q=(allAggregations:!f,filters:(country:(values:!(r851ex8o9gf))),from:0,includeUnpublished:!f,limit:30,order:desc,sort:creationDate,types:!(%275bfbb1a0471dd0fc16ada146%27),unpublished:!f)

Election Modified: Mar 10, 2023

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