April 10, 2022 Held


French Republic

Election for President (French Presidency)


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:35,923,707
Valid Votes:35,132,947
Invalid Votes:790,760

Vote Share by Candidate:

Emmanuel MACRON9,783,058


Marine LE PEN8,133,828


Jean-Luc MELENCHON7,712,520


Éric ZEMMOUR2,485,226


Valérie PÉCRESSE1,679,001


Yannick JADOT1,627,853


Jean LASSALLE1,101,387


Fabien ROUSSEL802,422


Nicolas DUPONT-AIGNAN725,176


Anne Hidalgo616,478


Philippe POUTOU268,904


Nathalie ARTHAUD197,094

Election Results Modified: Apr 26, 2022

General Information

At Stake in this Election: 

  • The Office of the President of the French Republic 

Government Structure: 

  • Chief of State: President Emmanuel MACRON (since 14 May 2017) 
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Jean CASTEX (since 3 July 2020) 
  • Assembly: The French Parliament (Parlement français) is a bicameral legislature consisting of an indirectly elected upper house, the Senate (Sénat), and a lower chamber, the National Assembly (Assemblée nationale). 

Electoral System: 

  • The President of the Republic is elected for a five-year term using a two-round system. If a candidate fails to receive a majority of the ballot during the first round of voting, a second round is held between the two candidates who received the most votes to determine the winner. [1]
  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the President of the Republic. [2]
  • The 348 seats in the Senate (Sénat) are determined through indirect election and serve for six years. Using a mixed system of voting, senators are elected through indirect universal suffrage by electoral colleges. A two-round, first-past-the-post method is applied to the 70 metropolitan and overseas departments that fill one-three senatorial seats. Proportional representation is applied to the remaining 39 metropolitan and overseas departments filling four or more senatorial seats. [3]
  • The National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) consists of 577 members: 556 for metropolitan France, 10 for overseas departments, and 11 for French citizens residing abroad. Members are directly elected using a single-member majoritarian system, which occurs in two rounds. A candidate may win their seat in the first round if they win an absolute majority, under the condition that this number is equal to or greater than a quarter of registered voters in their constituency. Candidates are eligible for a second round of voting should they have obtained a vote share equal to at least 12.5% of the total number of registered voters. If only one candidate meets this benchmark, then the candidate with the second highest vote share qualifies for the second round of voting. [4]

Last Election: 

  • The last round of presidential elections were held on 23 April 2017 and 7 May 2017. 

Main Candidates in this Election: 

  • Candidate: Emmanuel MACRON 
    • Party: The Republic on the Move (LREM, LaREM, REM) / La République En Marche! (often shortened to En Marche! 
  • Candidate: Marine LE PEN 
  • Candidate: Jean-Luc MÉLENCHON 
  • Candidate: Éric ZEMMOUR 
  • Candidate: Valérie PÉCRESSE 
  • Candidate: Yannick JADOT 

Population and Registered Voters: 

  • Population: 68,305,148 (2022 est.) [5]
  • Registered Voters: 48,803,175 (9 March 2022) [6]

Gender Data: 

  • Female Population: 34,621,892 (2020 est.) [7]
  • Is France a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (signed 17 July 1980) [8]
  • Has France ratified CEDAW:  Yes (ratified 14 December 1983) [9]
  • Gender Quota: For the directly elected National Assembly (Assemblée nationale), the difference between the number of candidates of each sex presented by a party within France’s 577 single-member constituencies cannot exceed two percent. [10]
  • Female candidates in this election: Four out of twelve [11]
  • Number of Female Legislators: 228 out of 577 (40 percent) in the National Assembly (Assemblée nationale[12]  
  • Human Development Index (HDI) Position: Rank 26 at 0.901 (2020) [13]
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Very low [14]

Disability Data: 

  • Is France a signatory to CRPD: Yes (signed on 30 March 2007) [15]
  • Has France ratified CRPD: Yes (ratified on 18 February 2010) [16]
  • Population with a disability: 9,422,135 (2022 est.) [17]
Election Modified: Jun 21, 2024

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