IFES

May 15, 2022 Held

Lebanon

Lebanese Republic

Election for Majlis al-Nuwab (Lebanese National Assembly)

More Info:

At Stake in this Election: 

  • 128 seats in the National Assembly of Lebanon (Majlis an-Nuwwab / Chambre des députés) 

Government Structure: 

  • Chief of State: President Michel AOUN (since 31 October 2016) 
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Najib MIQATI (since 20 September 2021) 
  • Assembly: The National Assembly (Majlis an-Nuwwab / Chambre des députés) is a unicameral legislature comprised of 128 seats. 

Electoral System: 

  • The National Assembly (Majlis an-Nuwwab / Chambre des députés) is a unicameral legislature whose 128 members are elected using an open list representation electoral system. The country is divided into fifteen major and twenty-seven minor districts. The 128 seats of the National Assembly are distributed across the major districts and, where the major districts are subdivided, across minor districts based on an established quota, which accounts for each of Lebanon’s eighteen confessions. Voters choose one list and have one preferential vote, which they can cast for a candidate from that list for a seat in the voter’s minor constituency. [1]
  • The president is indirectly elected by the National Assembly for a six-year term using a two-round system. The successful candidate must receive two-thirds of the ballot in the first round of voting, while an absolute majority must be reached should a second round of voting be required. [2]
  • The prime minister is appointed by the president in consultation with the National Assembly. [3] 

Last Election: 

Main Parties in this Election: 

  • Party: Free Patriotic Movement (FPM) / التيار الوطني الحر 
    • Leader: Gebran BASSIL 
    • Seats won in last election: 24* 
  • Party: Future Movement (FM) / تيار المستقبل 
    • Leader: Saad HARIRI 
    • Seats won in last election: 20* 
  • Party: Amal Movement (Amal) / حركة أمل 
    • Leader: Nabih BERRI 
    • Seats won in last election: 17* 
  • Party: Hezbollah / حزب الله 
    • Leader: Sayyed Hassan NASRALLAH 
    • Seats won in last election: 15* 
  • Party: Lebanese Forces / القوات اللبنانية 
    • Leader: Samir GEAGEA 
    • Seats won in last election: 15* 
  • Party: Progressive Socialist Party (PSP) / الحزب التقدمي الاشتراكي 
    • Leader: Walid JUMBLATT 
    • Seats won in last election: 6 
  • Party: Armenian Revolutionary Federation (Tashnag, ARF) / Հայ Յեղափոխական Դաշնակցութիւն / الإتحاد الثوري الأرمني - الطاشناق 
    • Leader: Hagop PAKRADOUNI 
    • Seats won in last election: 3 
  • Party: Azm Movement (TA) / تيار العزم 
    • Leader: Najib MAKATI 
    • Seats won in last election: 3 
  • Party: Marada Movement (MM) / تيار المردة 
    • Leader: Suleiman FRANGIEH, Jr. 
    • Seats won in last election: 3 
  • Party: Syrian Social Nationalist Party (SSNP) / الحزب السوري القومي الاجتماعي 
    • Leader: Rabie BANAT
    • Seats won in last election: 3 
  • Party: Dignity Movement (DM) / تيار الكرامة 
    • Leader: Fayssal KARAMI 
    • Seats won in last election: 2 
  • Party: Al-Ahbash / الأحباش 
    • Leader: Shakyh Hussam QARAQIRA 
    • Seats won in last election: 1 
  • Party: Arab Socialist Ba’ath Party – Lebanon Region (Ba’ath) / حزب البعث العربي الاشتراكي في لبنان 
    • Leader: Ali HIJAZI 
    • Seats won in last election: 1 
  • Party: Lebanese Democratic Party (LDP) / الحزب الديمقراطي اللبناني 
    • Leader: Prince Talal ARSLAN 
    • Seats won in last election: 1 
  • Party: National Dialogue Party (NDP) / حزب الحوار الوطني 
    • Leader: Fouad MAKHZOUMI 
    • Seats won in last election: 1 
  • Party: Popular Nasserist Organization (PNO) / التنظيم الشعبي الناصري 
    • Leader: Osama SAAD 
    • Seats won in last election: 1 
  • Party: Union Party (UP) / حزب الإتحاد 
    • Leader: Abdul Rahim MRAD 
    • Seats won in last election: 1 

* The number of parliamentary seats includes party-aligned independents. 

Population and Registered Voters: 

  • Population: 6,825,442 (2020 est.) [4]
  • Registered Voters: 3,967,507 (May 2022) [5]

Gender Data: 

  • Female Population: 3,389,696 (2020 est.) [6]
  • Is Lebanon a signatory to CEDAW: No [7]
  • Has Lebanon ratified CEDAW:  Yes (acceded on 16 April 1997) [8]
  • Gender Quota: There are no legislated or voluntary gender quotas in Lebanon. [9]
  • Female candidates in this election: 118 out of 718 candidates [10]
  • Number of Female Legislators: 6 out of 128 legislators [11]
  • Human Development Index (HDI) Position: Rank 92 at 0.744 (2020) [12]
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Very high [13]

Elections in Lebanon