ElectionGudie

Nov. 28, 2021 Confirmed

Honduras

Republic of Honduras

Election for Congreso Nacional (Honduran National Congress)

More Info:

At Stake in this Election:       

  • 128 seats in the National Congress of Honduras (Congreso Nacional) 

Government Structure: 

  • Chief of State: President Juan Orlando HERNÁNDEZ Alvarado (since 27 January 2014) 
  • Head of Government: President Juan Orlando HERNÁNDEZ Alvarado (since 27 January 2014) 
  • Assembly: The National Congress of Honduras (Congreso Nacional) is a unicameral legislature comprised of 128 deputies. 

Electoral System: [1]

  • The President of Honduras is elected by a simple majority vote and serves for a four-year term.* 
  • The National Congress of Honduras (Congreso Nacional) is a unicameral legislature consisting of 128 seats, in which representatives serve four-year terms. Deputies run for election within eighteen multi-member on closed party lists under a proportional representation system. 

*The Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court of Honduras voided single-term limits on the Office of the President in 2015. No replacement constitutional provisions concerning term limits were installed thereafter. [2]

Last Election:

  • General elections were last held in Honduras on 26 November 2017. 

Main Parties in this Election[3]

  • Party: Liberty and Refoundation (Libre) / Libertad y Refundación 
    • Leader: José Manuel ZELAYA Rosales 
    • Seats won in last election: 30 
  • Party: National Party of Honduras (PNH) / Partido Nacional de Honduras 
    • Leader: Juan Orlando HERNÁNDEZ Alvarado 
    • Seats won in last election: 61 
  • Party: Liberal Party of Honduras / Partido Liberal de Honduras 
    • Leader: Yani ROSENTHAL 
    • Seats won in last election: 26 
  • Party: Savior Party of Honduras (PSH) / Partido Salvador de Honduras 
    • Leader: Salvador NASRALLA 
    • Seats won in last election: New 
  • Party: Christian Democratic Party of Honduras (DC) / Partido Demócrata Cristiano de Honduras 
    • Leader: Lucas AGUILERA 
    • Seats won in last election: 1 
  • Party: Anti-Corruption Party (PAC) / Partido Anticorrupción de Honduras 
    • Leader: Marlene ALVARENGA 
    • Seats won in last election: 1 
  • Party: Honduran Patriotic Alliance / Alianza Patriótica Hondureña 
    • Leader: Rome VÁZQUEZ VELÁZQUEZ 
    • Seats won in last election: 4 
  • Party: Innovation and Unity Party-Social Democracy (PINU-SD) / Partido Innovación y Unidad Social Demócrata 
    • Leader: José León AGUILAR 
    • Seats won in last election: 4 
  • Party: Democratic Unification Party (PUD) / Partido Unificación Democrática  
    • Leader: Alfonso DIÁZ NARVÁEZ 
    • Seats won in last election: 1 

Population and Registered Voters:

  • Population: 10,107260 (December 2021 est.) [4]
  • Registered Voters: 5,182,425 (2021) [5]

Gender Data: 

  • Female Population: 5,054,641 (2021 est.) [6] 
  • Is Honduras a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (signed 11 June 1980) [7] 
  • Has Honduras ratified CEDAW:  Yes (ratified 3 March 1983) [8] 
  • Gender Quota: The candidate lists of the political parties must include at least 40% women candidates. Candidate lists in single-member constituencies must include a female principal candidate and a male alternate, or vice versa. A political party which fails to comply will incur a fine equal to five percent of total funding allocated to the party by the state. [9] 
  • Female candidates in this election: N/A 
  • Number of Female Legislators: 27 [10]  
  • Human Development Index (HDI) Position: Rank 132 at 0.634 (2020) [11] 
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low [12] 

Disability Data: 

  • Is Honduras a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007) [13] 
  • Has Honduras ratified CRPD: Yes (14 April 2008) [14] 
  • Population with a disability: 1,312,001 (2021 est.) [15]