July 12, 2020 Held


Republic of Poland

Election for Polish Presidency


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:20,636,635
Valid Votes:20,458,911
Invalid Votes:593,022

Vote Share by Candidate:

Andrzej Sebastian Duda10,440,648


Rafał Trzaskowski10,018,263

Election Results Modified: Aug 17, 2023

General Information

Poland: President, 12 July 2020 (second round)

This is a runoff election from the first round election on 28 June 2020.

At stake in this election:    

  • The office of President of Poland

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Andrzej DUDA (since 5 August 2015)
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Mateusz MORAWIECKI (since 11 December 2017)­
  • Assembly: Poland has a bicameral Parliament consisting of the Senat (Upper House) with 100 seats and the Sejm (Lower House) with 460 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 5-year term.  If a candidate receives more than 50% of votes in the first round, there is no second round. The president can be re-elected once, serving for 10 years total.
  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the president with the approval of the Sejm.
  • In the Senat 100 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms.[1] In the Sejm 460 members are elected through an open-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.[2]

Main Candidates in this election:

  • Candidate: Andrzej Sebastian Duda (Incumbent)
    • Party: Law and Justice (Prawo i Sprawiedliwość, or PiS)
  • Candidate: Rafał Trzaskowski
    • Party: Civic Platform (Platforma Obywatelska, or PO)

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 38,282,325 (July 2020 est.)[3]
  • Registered Voters: 30,253,556 (2019) [4]

Gender Data:

  • Female Population: 19,759,200 (2020 est.) [5]
  • Is Poland a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (29 May 1980)
  • Has Poland ratified CEDAW: Yes (30 July 1980) [6]
  • Gender Quota:  Yes, for the Sejm [7]
  • Female Candidates in this election: No
  • Number of Female Legislators: 134 (29.1%) of 460 seats in the Sejm, 14 (14%) of 100 seats in the Senat [8]
  • Human Development Index (HDI) Position: 32 [9]
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A

Disability Data:

  • Is Poland a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)
  • Has Poland ratified CRPD: Yes (25 September 2012) [10]
  • Population with a disability: 5,784,328 [11]



[1] There are 100 single-member constituencies

[2] There are 41 multi-member constituencies consisting of anywhere between 7 and 20 seats. Electors are required to cast a preferential vote for the candidate of their choice. All preferential votes are tabulated as votes for the candidate's party. There is a 5% threshold for parties and 8% threshold for coalitions. The threshold applies to the share of the total national vote, not the constituency. Candidates that belong to ethnic minorities are exempt from threshold requirements.

Election Modified: Aug 17, 2023

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