Poland: President, 28 June 2020
Update: after the first round of voting, no candidate secured enough votes to avoid a run-off. Andrzej Duda and Rafał Trzaskowski will face off in a second round vote on July 12.
At stake in this election:
- The office of President of Poland
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Andrzej DUDA (since 5 August 2015)
- Head of Government: Prime Minister Mateusz MORAWIECKI (since 11 December 2017)
- Assembly: Poland has a bicameral Parliament consisting of the Senat (Upper House) with 100 seats and the Sejm (Lower House) with 460 seats.
Description of electoral system:
- The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 5-year term. If a candidate receives more than 50% of votes in the first round, there is no second round. The president can be re-elected once, serving for 10 years total.
- The Prime Minister is appointed by the president with the approval of the Sejm.
- In the Senat 100 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms. In the Sejm 460 members are elected through an open-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.
Main Candidates in the Presidential race:
- Candidate: Andrzej Sebastian Duda (Incumbent)
- Party: Law and Justice (Prawo i Sprawiedliwość, or PiS)
- Candidate: Rafał Trzaskowski
- Party: Civic Platform (Platforma Obywatelska, or PO)
- Candidate: Szymon Hołownia
- Party: Indepdendent
- Candidate: Krzysztof Bosak
- Party: Confederation Liberty and Independence (Konfederacja Wolność i Niepodległość)
- Candidate: Władysław Kosiniak-Kamysz
- Party: Polish People’s Party (Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe, or PSL)
- Candidate: Robert Biedroń
- Party: The Left (Lewica)
Population and number of registered voters:
- Female Population: 19,759,200 (2020 est.) 
- Is Poland a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (29 May 1980)
- Has Poland ratified CEDAW: Yes (30 July 1980) 
- Gender Quota: Yes, for the Sejm 
- Female Candidates in this election: No
- Number of Female Legislators: 134 (29.1%) of 460 seats in the Sejm, 14 (14%) of 100 seats in the Senat 
- Human Development Index (HDI) Position: 32 
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A
- Is Poland a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)
- Has Poland ratified CRPD: Yes (25 September 2012) 
- Population with a disability: 5,784,328 
 There are 100 single-member constituencies
 There are 41 multi-member constituencies consisting of anywhere between 7 and 20 seats. Electors are required to cast a preferential vote for the candidate of their choice. All preferential votes are tabulated as votes for the candidate's party. There is a 5% threshold for parties and 8% threshold for coalitions. The threshold applies to the share of the total national vote, not the constituency. Candidates that belong to ethnic minorities are exempt from threshold requirements.