At stake in this referendum:
- Four proposed amendments to the Peruvian constitution.
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Martín VIZCARRA
- Head of Government: President Martín VIZCARRA
- Assembly: Peru has a unicameral parliament (Congreso de la Republica del Peru) composed of 130 seats with members serving 5-year terms.
- Referendums require a majority of the votes cast and 30% of all eligible voters to pass.
About the referendum:
There are four provisions in the referendum, listed in order below:
- The first would replace the powers of the National Council of Judges (Consejo Nacional de la Magistratura) with an elected body, the National Board of Justice (Junta Nacional de Justicia, JNJ). This provision details the powers of the JNJ, including the power to appoint judges and district attorneys at all levels.
- The second would change the political finance regulations under the constitution, establishing administrative, civil, and penal sanctions for financing from illegal sources.
- The third would prevent members of parliament from standing for immediate re-election for the same seat they already hold.
- The fourth would establish a bicameral legislature composed of a Senate with 50 seats and a Chamber of Deputies with 130 seats. The provision includes the functions of each chamber and requirements to run for office.
Main provisions in the referendum:
- Do you approve of the constitutional amendment on the confirmation and functions of the National Justice Council, replacing the National Board of the Judiciary?
- Do you approve of the constitutional amendment to regulate the financing of political organizations?
- Do you approve of the constitutional amendment to prohibit the immediate reelection of the parliament of the Republic?
- Do you approve of the constitutional amendment to establish a bicameral Congress?
Population and number of registered voters:
- Population: 32,551,815 (2018 est.)
- Registered Voters: 23,472,182 (2018)
- Female Population: 16,294,930 (2018 est.)
- Is Peru a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (23 July 1981)
- Has Peru ratified CEDAW: Yes (13 September 1982)
- Gender Quota: Yes
- Female candidates in this election: N/A
- Number of Female Parliamentarians: 36 (27.7%)
- Human Development Index Position: 89 (2018)
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low (2014)
- Is Peru a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)
- Has Peru ratified CRPD: Yes (30 January 2008)
- Population with a disability: 4,566,750 (2018 est.)